Global

The Global Observatory illustrates the magnitude of the phenomenon of large-scale land acquisitions across the world. It provides an overview of the number and aggregated area size of concluded, intended and failed deals at the global level. Discover more about inbound and outbound deals in each country through our interactive map, dataset, and web of transnational deals. Where available, we also show investor networks and the source and source documents for each deal.

Country profiles

Country profiles present national-level data of large-scale land acquisitions and transactions including who the investors are, what the aim of the investment is, who the former owner was and what the land was previously used for, and what the potential benefits and impacts of the land deals are.

By making this information available, the Land Matrix hopes to enhance broad engagement and data exchange, facilitating the continuous improvement of the data. Find out how to get involved here .

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Header for Country profile: Kenya
Country profile: Kenya

Of the total land area of Kenya, only around 10% is classified as arable land, with the 14 recorded concluded deals in the Land Matrix database equalling just 0.46% of the total land area. Although this is a relatively small land footprint, these deals may still have significant implications for …

Header for Country profile: Paraguay
Country profile: Paraguay

Although Paraguay boasts high biodiversity in all its six eco-regions, in the last five decades, it has lost almost 90% of its original forest cover due to the expansion of agricultural and livestock activities, particularly in the Chaco region. This expansion has also generated multiple conflicts over land tenure between …

Header for Perfiles de País: Paraguay
Perfiles de País: Paraguay

Aunque Paraguay cuenta con una alta biodiversidad en sus seis ecorregiones, en las últimas cinco décadas el país perdió casi el 90% de la cobertura boscosa original de su territorio, debido a la expansión de las actividades agrícolas y ganaderas, en particular en la región del Chaco. Esta expansión generó …

News & publications

Header for Land Squeeze: What is driving unprecedented pressures on farmland and what can be done to achieve equitable access to land?
Land Squeeze: What is driving unprecedented pressures on farmland and what can be done to achieve equitable access to land?

Published: 2024
Source: IPES-Food

Soaring land prices, land grabs, and carbon schemes are creating an unprecedented ‘land squeeze’, threatening farmers and food production, reveals a comprehensive new report by IPES-Food.

The 2008 global financial crisis unleashed a huge wave of land grabbing. But the pressures on farmland never went away. …

Header for Labour displacement in agriculture: Evidence from oil palm expansion in Indonesia
Labour displacement in agriculture: Evidence from oil palm expansion in Indonesia

Authors: Christoph Kubitza, Vijesh V. Krishna, Stephan Klasen, Thomas Kopp, Nunung Nuryartono and Matin Qaim
Published: 2024
Source: Land Economics

This research by Land Matrix partner GIGA analyses the labour market effects of oil palm cultivation among smallholder farmers in Indonesia. Oil palm requires less labour per unit of land …

Header for Opening of the second stage of the land market for legal entities in Ukraine: Thoughts and risks
Opening of the second stage of the land market for legal entities in Ukraine: Thoughts and risks

Operations for the lease or sale of agricultural land are ongoing processes that allow for agricultural activity. Small farmers (up to 200 hectares), large agricultural holdings (hundreds of thousands of hectares), and everyone in between form a land bank based on leased or private land plots. From 2021, the moratorium …


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