Decentralisation is essential in improving data quality and promoting transparency and accountability in decisions over land and investments. To support this process, the Land Matrix has four Regional Focal Points (RFPs) in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America which assist with data collection, research, advocacy, networking, and communication, as well as the establishment of National Land Observatories in selected countries.
The Asia RFP covers Southeast and Central Asia. This region is second to Africa in terms of the number of hectares affected by land deals. Deal in Southeast Asia mostly cover agriculture, conservation, forestry, industry, renewable energy, and tourism, while in Central Asia, they are mainly associated with the interaction of agricultural land, particularly pasture land, and mining projects. A recently growing trend sees the conversion of pasture land to croplands or other types of land use, with the involvement of foreign investors as the government allocates agricultural land to “more efficient land use systems" – ostensibly to increase economic efficiency by attracting investments for agricultural lands which have been abandoned after the privatisation of state-managed cooperatives.
The Asia RFP, coordinated by the Asian Farmers’ Association for Sustainable Rural Development (AFA) and JASIL, aims to increase involvement by regional, national, and local stakeholders, as well as contribute to improved land governance through its data collection, networking, research, capacity-building, communication, and advocacy activities. The Asia RFP also actively implements the Land Matrix Initiative’s decentralisation process by assisting in the establishment of National Land Observatories (NLO) in selected countries, providing support in the form of discussion on data variables, a technical platform, and associated training and events.
Landlessness and lack of secure access to and tenure over
land, water, and forest resources have been identified as priority issues by
many farmer organisations in the region. As landlessness continues to be a
major problem for small-scale farmers, LSLAs become a serious threat to their
Effective implementation of good land policies by governments, in partnership with civil society organisations, will mean security of land access and tenure for millions of small-scale farmers and hopefully put a stop to massive land grabs.
Esther Penunia (AFA Secretary-General): firstname.lastname@example.org
Lorraine Ablan (Regional data assistant): email@example.com
Hijaba Ykhabai (Director of JASIL): firstname.lastname@example.org
Country profiles present national-level data of large-scale land acquisitions and transactions including who the investors are, what the aim of the investment is, who the former owner was and what the land was previously used for, and what the potential benefits and impacts of the land deals are.
By making this information available, the Land Matrix hopes to enhance broad engagement and data exchange, facilitating the continuous improvement of the data. Find out how to get involved here.
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Using customizable filters and context layers our infographics will allow you to access to more detailed information such as intention of investments, size and number of deals. With our Web-GIS function you can visualize information about land deals with a possibility to upscale or downscale at global, regional and country level.
You can explore our dataset by starting from pre-configured entry points, such as by "intention of investment“or "crops". You can create your own lists and access information about each individual deal, such as deal’s ID, deal size, investor's’ type, implementation status, deal location, the list of sources.
Our Chart function and our infographics will allow you to access to more detailed information such as inbound and outbound deals per country using customizable filters. You can access information such as total size and number of deals. Using this function, you create your own downloadable infographics.