Asia

Decentralisation is essential in improving data quality and promoting transparency and accountability in decisions over land and investments. To support this process, the Land Matrix has four Regional Focal Points (RFPs) in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America which assist with data collection, research, advocacy, networking, and communication, as well as the establishment of National Land Observatories in selected countries.

The Asia RFP covers Southeast and Central Asia. This region is second to Africa in terms of the number of hectares affected by land deals. Deal in Southeast Asia mostly cover agriculture, conservation, forestry, industry, renewable energy, and tourism, while in Central Asia, they are mainly associated with the interaction of agricultural land, particularly pasture land, and mining projects. A recently growing trend sees the conversion of pasture land to croplands or other types of land use, with the involvement of foreign investors as the government allocates agricultural land to “more efficient land use systems" – ostensibly to increase economic efficiency by attracting investments for agricultural lands which have been abandoned after the privatisation of state-managed cooperatives.

Asia Regional Focal Point

About

The Asia RFP, coordinated by the Asian Farmers’ Association for Sustainable Rural Development (AFA), aims to increase involvement by regional, national, and local stakeholders, as well as contribute to improved land governance through its data collection, networking, research, capacity-building, communication, and advocacy activities. The Asia RFP also actively implements the Land Matrix Initiative’s decentralisation process by assisting in the establishment of National Land Observatories (NLO) in selected countries, providing support in the form of discussion on data variables, a technical platform, and associated training and events.

Landlessness and lack of secure access to and tenure over land, water, and forest resources have been identified as priority issues by many farmer organisations in the region. As landlessness continues to be a major problem for small-scale farmers, LSLAs become a serious threat to their farming livelihoods.

Effective implementation of good land policies by governments, in partnership with civil society organisations, will mean security of land access and tenure for millions of small-scale farmers and hopefully put a stop to massive land grabs.

Contact

Esther Penunia (AFA Secretary-General): afaesther@asianfarmers.org

Lorraine Ablan (Regional data assistant): afalorraine@asianfarmers.org

We currently have information about:

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Thailand

Country profiles

Country profiles present national-level data of large-scale land acquisitions and transactions including who the investors are, what the aim of the investment is, who the former owner was and what the land was previously used for, and what the potential benefits and impacts of the land deals are. 

By making this information available, the Land Matrix hopes to enhance broad engagement and data exchange, facilitating the continuous improvement of the data. Find out how to get involved here.

Download country profiles for:

Use customisable filters to explore the web-based geographic information systems (GIS) map for information about land deals from global down to regional and country level.

Search the dataset through pre-configured entry points where deals have been grouped by common shared attributes (such as nature of investment, region, or investor), filter information according to your line of interest, or drill down to single deals where you can provide feedback and start a discussion through comments.

Generate your own infographics using a wide selection of charts to illustrate information about deals, such as the global flow of transnational land acquisitions, the total size and number of deals, and a breakdown of deals according to sector and interest.

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Cambodia country profile

This detailed country profile presents the Land Matrix data for large-scale land acquisitions in Cambodia.

Download it here.

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Philippines country profile

This detailed country profile presents the Land Matrix data for large-scale land acquisitions in the Philippines.

Download it here.

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