Deal #854

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Oaxaca, OAX, México

Target country
Mexico
Comment on location
Oaxaca, Istmo de Tehuantepec, Jutichan, La Venta

Land area

Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2016] 2500
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2016] 2500
Comment on land area
It is the surface occupied by the wind generating energy park located, project named Eurus, in municipality of Juchitan, Tehuantepec isthmus region, state of Oaxaca. The land is (it seems) leased to the La Venta ejido. The same company, Action Energia is constructing other parks in the same region.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Renewable Energy
Comment on intention of investment
Wind energy

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2009] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
After Eurus, Acciona is realizing three other wind energy plant in Juchitan-Oaxaca, called Oaxaca II, Oaxaca III, Oaxaca IV. These "green energy" projects promoted by mexican authorities are part of the megaproject Corredor Eólico del Istmo in which various spanish companies participate, like Desarrollos Eólicos Mexicanos (DEMEX), mexican subsidiary of spanish Renovalia Energy, Preneal, Endesa, Union Fenosa, Iberdrola, Gamesa.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2009] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
After Eurus, Acciona is realizing three other wind energy plant in Juchitan-Oaxaca, called Oaxaca II, Oaxaca III, Oaxaca IV. These "green energy" projects promoted by mexican authorities are part of the megaproject Corredor Eólico del Istmo in which various spanish companies participate, like Desarrollos Eólicos Mexicanos (DEMEX), mexican subsidiary of spanish Renovalia Energy, Preneal, Endesa, Union Fenosa, Iberdrola, Gamesa.

Contract #1

Duration of the agreement (in years)
30

Operating company

Comment on investment chain
Domestic partners: Mexico based transnational cement company CEMEX ; CFE (mexican national electricity company)

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2009-01-01
Comment on data source
"Paysans contre business vert", by Adrien Trocmé, 21 DÉCEMBRE 2009, bastamag.net

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-01-01

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2011-01-01

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2009-01-01

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #7

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #8

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #10

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #11

Data source type
Media report
File

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Community
Comment on former land owner
Thomas Siron: The land regime seems to be intermediate between collectively controled land property under ejido regime (lands are public and peasants are inalienable users) and individual right on plots, at least to lease it. The agrarian system is quite complex in Mexico and requires insights into local situations.

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes

Overall comment

Overall comment
Import of error check - Coordinator's overview comment: Not clear on reviewer's comments. Return to. Import of error check - Reviewer's overview comment: Case in course, to be actualized. This project is in the logic of global market for compensation of carbon emissions. An indigenous organisation constituted itself against the wind energy projects in the Tehuantepec Isthmus, called Asamblea de los Pueblos Indígenas del Istmo de Tehuantepec en Defensa de la Tierra y el Territorio (APIITDTT). According to them, the Megaproject Corredor Eólico del Istmo de Tehuantepec (connected with the Plan Puebla Panama) is provking the "legal dispossession" of more than 12 000 ha. They are opposed to unfair land lease contracts to spanish companies, and above all to mexican federal and state governments that promote this projects and repress protests. They say that the installation of windmills, which need to inject a lot of ciment into the soil (each one consuming almost 1/2 ha) have very negative impacts on local agriculture, destructing drainage and irrigation collective infrastructures, and threaten fragile ecosystems (mangrove swamps, low forest). The conflict is increasing now (see the communiqués, cell AS). As in mining projects, there is an issue about the local populations' rigth to be consulted in good conditions before appropriation of local ressources by external actors, and their veto right.

March 2, 2018, 7:41 p.m.

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Jan. 27, 2016, 4:22 p.m.

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March 20, 2013, 7:37 p.m.

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Feb. 15, 2013, 5 p.m.

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