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Deal #806

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Carmen del Darien, Choco, Colombia

Target country
Colombia
Comment on location
CHOCÓ (Departamento), CARMEN DEL DARIÉN (municipio) Coordinates: 7.08181366281, -76.8823242188

Land area

Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2001] 20000
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2001] 2000
Comment on land area
(see comments to cell E) Thomas Siron: I couldn't verify this data in the sources. In the FIAN-Transational Institute report (2009, p.87-88), it is said that Urapalma "promoted" the culture of 1500 ha of oil palm in the collective lands of communities located between Curvarado and Jiguaimando rivers. This lands, which cover 22 022 ha, are the target of Urapalma and its partners.

Intention of investment

Intention of the investment
Biofuels

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Outright Purchase
Comment on nature of the deal
D (NO LAND TRANSFER) Thomas Siron: The First verificator put that there was not land transfers, but according to the sources, that are well documented, there is a massive land transfer from peasants communities to enterpreneurs that count with powerful supports in the State and the army and who used paramilitary violence to appropriate common lands. Sometimes there is simple appropriation by violence of by occupying abandoned lands (because of violence). Sometimes, if previous helders are smallholders, there are forced purchases, etc.

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2001] Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2001] In operation (production)

Operating company

Operating company
Comment on investment chain
According to Christian Aide report, In 2001, Urapalma planted oil palm in lands that had been abandoned by peasant because of paramilitary and military violence in the region of Choco. After they returned to their land, peasants were obliged to sell it in very injust conditions. Others were killed. According to a Friend of the Earth report, in the Choco region, there were a paramilitary recolonization of afrocolombian communities' territories which has been recognized by the State after the 1991 constitutional reform. Urapalma is one of the investors who planted oil palm on afrocolombian people's territories. Like other palm-growing companies, Urapalma benefited from public credits by the Banco Agrario and technical assistance by USAID. INCODER (land state agency) functionaries helped oil palm companies to keep the land they illegaly occuped. National army's XVII Brigade helped the same companies repressing local people.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2009-01-01
Comment on data source
"Growing pains: the possibilities and problems of biofuels", by christianaid, August 2009 ;

Data source #2

Data source type
Personal information
Includes in-country-verified information
Yes

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2008-01-01

Data source #4

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2008-01-01

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Mixed reaction

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (smallholders)

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Oil Palm

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
AGF (Agrofuel production)

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes

Overall comment

Overall comment
Import of error check - Coordinator's overview comment: Issue with size. Review all comments. Import of error check - Reviewer's overview comment: The issue is about the size. This is a strong dossier. The Choco region is te place of a violent fight for land opposing cattle raising enterpreneurs and palm-growing companies to peasant communities. The first ones used paramilitary and national army violence to expulse the second ones and to appropriate their lands (generally collectively held and entitled after the 1991 constitutional reform). President Uribe brought strong political support to oil palm expansion in the Choco region, considering this product as strategic.

June 17, 2019, 5:56 p.m.

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June 17, 2019, 5:55 p.m.

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June 17, 2019, 5:52 p.m.

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March 30, 2016, 1:20 a.m.

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March 27, 2013, 6:18 p.m.

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Feb. 15, 2013, 5 p.m.

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