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Deal #802

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Coordinates
Location
Las Pavas, Buenos Aires, El Peñón, Bolívar, Colombia

Latitude
8.7748
Longitude
-73.9284
Facility name
Las Pavas
Target country
Colombia
Contract area
Comment on location
Hacienda las Pavas. Exact location from comparing the name of the official cadastre and the name of the holding. Size of the holding according to the official shapefile of the IGAC (cadastrial institution of Colombia): 1477.62 ha Cadastral national ID: 132680002000000010110000000000 Used Source Nr. 1 and Nr. 2 to obtain the name of the holdings. There are 2 more holdings, "PEÑALOZA" and "SI DIOS QUIERE", but it was impossible to linke them with the official data. Their land sizes are not that large, though.

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Approximate location
Location
San Martín de Loba, Bolívar, Colombia

Facility name
SI DIOS QUIERE
Target country
Colombia
Location description
Paraje de Lázaro, corregimiento de Playitas, Municipio de San Martin de Loba en el Departamento de Bolívar
Comment on location
Location Description from source # 9 Size: 42 Has

Location #3

Spatial accuracy level
Approximate location
Location
San Martín de Loba, Bolívar, Colombia

Facility name
NO TE CANSES
Target country
Colombia
Location description
Paraje Papayal, Corregimiento Papayal, Municipio San Martín De Loba en el Departamento de Bolívar
Comment on location
Description from Source 9 Size of the holding: 473 Has

Location #4

Spatial accuracy level
Approximate location
Location
San Martín de Loba, Bolívar, Colombia

Facility name
PEÑALOZA
Target country
Colombia
Location description
Paraje del Congo, Corregimiento de Papayal, Municipio de San Martín de Loba, en el Departamento de Bolívar
Comment on location
Obtained from Source 9 Size: 198 Has

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
1800
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2007] 1717
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2007] 1717

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Biofuels

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Outright Purchase
Comment on nature of the deal
In 2007, Aportes San Isidro S. A. and C. I. Tequendama acquired the land (3000 hectares) from Jesús Emilio Escobar Fernández (Pablo Escobar uncle). In 2011 Daabon Organic sold its part to Aportes San Isidro.

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2007] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
The land has been occuped by the consortium to plant oil palm but it is still in litigation with the expulsed peasants, with juridical and judicial proceeginds. In April 2011, ASOCAB community intented an action of return, with support in colombian civil society, but they are claiming the land since 2006. Up to 2018 the litigation is still in process and the property of the land is yet to be defined.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2007] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
The land has been occuped by the consortium to plant oil palm but it is still in litigation with the expulsed peasants, with juridical and judicial proceeginds. In April 2011, ASOCAB community intented an action of return, with support in colombian civil society. All parties are experiencing several uncertainties around the property of the land. The peasants have been expelled twice (ilegally) and the state has also prevented the peasants to occupy the land in some ocassions. Both parties claim the other to use violence. Aportes San Isidro has planted oil palm in the field.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Operating company

Operating company
Name of investment project
Finca Las Pavas
Comment on investment chain
The two enterprises forming El Labrador are part of the agroindustrial Company Daabon, active in oil palm, banana and coffee. The group is property of the family Daabon, part of the economical and political traditional elite of the Magadalena department. The group benefited from a strong central political support in favor of oil palm expansion. - The consortium El Labrador was created in 2007 to make use of the areas of the Hacienda Las Pavas and some other holdings in the south of the State of Bolívar in Colombia. It is known that the Comercializadora Internacional Tequendama belong to the company DAABON ORGANIC, which belongs to the Dávila Abondano family. In 2011, CI Tequendama sold its part of the deal to Aportes San Isidro SAS and is not linked to the deal anymore.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2009-01-01
Comment on data source
"Colombia: Forced eviction in Las Pavas leaves 120 families displaced", FIAN International, Friends of the Earth International and La Via Campesina, Publication date: 28-07-2009

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #3

Data source type
Personal information
File
Includes in-country-verified information
Yes

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2011-01-01

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2009-01-01

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-01-01

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-09-30

Data source #8

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #10

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #11

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
¿Qué pasa alrededor de la hacienda Las Pavas?
Date
2017-11-01
Includes in-country-verified information
Yes
Comment on data source
Summary of what has happened with the Hacienda Las Pavas up until 2017 and how is the legal process going.

Data source #12

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Grupo Daabon dice que no tiene nada que ver con la hacienda 'Las Pavas'
Date
2012-07-16
Comment on data source
Response from DAABON ORGANIC with respect to the allegations that they were the owners of Aportes San Isidro SAS

Names of communities / indigenous peoples affected

Comment on communities / indigenous peoples affected
It is a conglomeration of Peasants that wanted to make use of the land in an unutilized holding. They are still in a legal process to obtain the rights to use the land.

Recognitions status of community land tenure

Comment on recognitions status of community land tenure
It was impossible to find a legal document or registration that prove them as a legal community, but it seems quite organized, has started legal proces and won a National Peace Price

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted
Comment on consultation of local community
The people were evicted from the land by illegal and state forces (not together)

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
In 2007, Aportes San Isidro S. A. and C. I. Tequendama acquired the land (3000 hectares) from Jesús Emilio Escobar Fernández (Pablo Escobar uncle). But This acquisition process was irregular, because the land was being claimed for peasants from Asociación de Campesinos de Buenos Aires (Asobac), they were evicted from the land. In 2011 the Constitutional Court declared the evicted as illegal and irregular. the peasants were occupying 1235 hectares. The Colombian law declares prohibited evicted people from land in claimed process.

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
Yes
Comment on presence of land conflicts
Conflict with the AUC in 2003 and presence of armed (unknown) groups in 2007.

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Number of people actually displaced
600
Number of households actually displaced
123
Comment on displacement of people
123 families

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Eviction
Displacement
Violence

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Housing facilities

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)
Clínica Jurídica sobre Derecho y Territorio de la Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (smallholders)

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Oil Palm
Comment on crops
No constant production has been achieved. There is an immense legal problem around these lands. They have planted some palms, but it is not clear the yield.

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Agrofuel production

Overall comment

Overall comment
Import of error check - Reviewer's overview comment: This case is both complex and simple. It is complex as a lot of agrarian conflicts in Latin America in which various actors develop and confront diverse strategies of appropriation, legal, informal or illegal. It is simple because it can bee seen as a typical case of agroindustrial and financial pressures (with strong political support) on peasantry to accede to land and to benefit from an economic manna (here the oil palm for agrifuel). The fight of ASOCAB peasants to recover their land have became a national and an international cause, and a lot of informations were produced about it. One of the most important issue for peasants' cause is the juridical procedures of formal recognition of their land rights by national land administration, which has been lasting since 2007. September 2013. The land still in the company hands, the peasants haven't recovered the land yet. November 2018 - Up until now they are still in this legal process to determine if the acquisition of the land by Aportes San Isidro was legal or not.

June 17, 2019, 12:46 p.m.

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Feb. 5, 2018, 10:13 p.m.

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Jan. 21, 2016, 9:58 p.m.

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Oct. 2, 2013, 7:21 p.m.

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May 2, 2013, 1:47 a.m.

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March 9, 2013, 5:54 p.m.

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Feb. 15, 2013, 5 p.m.

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