Deal #7549

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Exact location
Location
Tiakhali, Kalapara, Port Road, Bangladesh

Latitude
21.9889548
Longitude
90.27929310000002
Facility name
Payra Sea Port
Target country
Bangladesh
Location description
Payra Sea Port is the 3rd sea port of Bangladesh located in general area in between latitude 21o15’- 22o00’ North and longitude 90o00’- 90o30’ East on the bank of Rabnabad Channel under Kalapara, a sub district of Patuakali.The The nine mouzas are Lalua, Nayakata, Banatipara, Chandupara, Lemupara, Char Baliatali, Dhulashar, Londa and Itbaria.
Comment on location
Payra sea port is located in the east on the bank of Rabnabad Channel with nine mouzas of Kalapara Upazila, Patuakhali.

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
2630.0
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
930

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
[2013-11-10, current] Industry (2655 ha)
Comment on intention of investment
Payra Sea Port is the 3rd sea port of Bangladesh located in Patukhali District. Government has taken Short, Mid & Long Term Plan to develop a state of art modern sea port. As Short Term Plan, Payra Port Authority is set operate the port activities by off loading cargoes from mother ships at outer/inner anchorage and transported to the hinterlands through river routes.Under Mid Term Plan, Govt is going to operate the port with at least one multipurpose and one bull terminal where deep draught vessel with upto 12m can berth safely. Under Long Term Plan, by 2023 the port would be fully operational with a 16 m channel where minimum 10 km container & other terminals with all other associated facilities like establishing EEZ, Air port, Port city, Dockyard/Shipyard, Echo Tourism etc centering to the port.

Nature of the deal

Comment on nature of the deal
Patuakhali district administration has already handed over 2,372.79 acres of acquired land to Payra Port Authority (PPA) and they recently issued notices to landowners for the acquisition of another 6,562.27 acres of land from nine mouzas in the upazila, according to the land acquisition department at the office of Patuakhali deputy commissioner (DC).

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2013] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
Payra Sea Port Act 2013 was passed in National Parliament on 10 November 2013. Honourable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina inaugurated country’s 3rd seaport named as “Payra Sea Port” at Rabnabad Channel at Patuakhali district on 19 November 2013.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2016] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
Payra Sea Port is partially constructed and began basic operations in August 2016. The port is being developed in three stages. Under the Long-Term Plan, by 2023 the port have a 16 meter channel, all terminals would be constructed, and associated facilities - an EEZ, airport, port city, dockyard/shipyard, and eco-tourism facilities - would be in place.Currently only ship-to-ship loading and unloading is taking place.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Operating company

Operating company
Name of investment project
Payra Sea Port
Comment on investment chain
According to BMI research, the full port construction project will have 19 separate components, 13 of which will be implemented under foreign direct investment, and six of which will be financed through government-to-government deals . Already The China Harbour Engineering Company and China State Engineering and Construction Company (CSCEC) were awarded contracts worth USD $600 million to develop two of the 19 components. Besides, an agreement has been signed between PPA and Netherlands based company Jan De Nul for dredging. By 2021, 75 kilometer long capital and maintenance dredging works is expected to be completed to facilitate up to 10.5 meter drafts of 40000 DWT bulk carriers.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Government sources

Data source #2

Data source type
Government sources

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
Publication title
Slow but steady progress in Payra Port construction
Date
2019-02-16

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
Publication title
Houses mushrooming in project area for false claim
Date
2019-07-08

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
Publication title
http://www.theindependentbd.com/arcprint/details/55531/2016-08-13
Date
2016-08-13

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
সীমাহীন অনিয়মে চলছে পায়রা বন্দর’র জমি অধিগ্রহনে ক্ষতিগ্রস্তদের উন্নয়ন প্রকল্প
Date
2019-11-17
Comment on data source
This is a report from a national news paper in Bangla.

Names of communities / indigenous peoples affected

Comment on communities / indigenous peoples affected
People of the locality say they welcome the construction of the port, although they had some hardship due to giving up a massive amount of land for the project. Abu Sayed, a young man from Hasnapara of Kalapara upazila said: “In spite of losing land I think the port construction initiative is a wise decision for the greater development of the country. Our locality will be developed, we will get jobs here. The port authority is providing various training programs to make us eligible for the jobs.”

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Mixed reaction
Comment on community reaction
A numbe of landowners built new houses on the planning acquired land. But under section 4, to the landowners, it was clearly mentioned that new establishments cannot be built on their land for the purpose of changing land category to attain additional gains. But The new structures are being built in a bid to change category of a piece of land from lower-priced agricultural to higher-priced homestead category . Compensation would not be given to any landowner who violates the condition .

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
No

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Comment on displacement of people
A numbers of people have to give their land to develop this sea port. This cause to the displacement of this people. But many landowners built new house on that land to get high rate of compensation from authority. This violates the land law.

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Socio-economic
Cultural loss
Eviction
Displacement
Violence
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
Payra port Authority acquire 2655.6564495 H land. Local people loss their land. This turns into cultural and socio-economic loss. Besides these homestead land will turn into industries cause enviromental degradation also. Local people also violates the land low to set up new houses in acquired land to get high compensation.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
Compensation is promised to landowners. Fixed Amount is not found. But to get high compensation landowners violate the law and set up new houses there. Delwar Hossain Chowdhury, a resident of the village, said with the objective of claiming higher compensation, he spent Tk 6 lakh to build two new houses on 2.83 acres of agricultural land that he inherited from his father. Besides that, government has planned to expense 25 crore BDT to train the affected family members and make them skilled.
Received compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
Compensation would not give to the landowners who violate the rule.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Roads
Capacity Building
Financial Support
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
The government panned to give training to the affected family members by payra sea port. Driving, basic computer, masonry, poultry and food production with advanced technology, cattle rearing, fisheries turkey farming, cultivating vegetables etc training included in planning.

Materialized benefits for local communities

Comment on materialized benefits for local communities
Getting tender from Government, Development Organisation of the Rural Poor-DORP have trained 1134 people in driving, basic computer, masonry, poultry and food production with advanced technology, cattle rearing, fisheries turkey farming, cultivating vegetables etc trade in first phase. In second phase 666 people have got training. But all are in papers. In real, lacking of successful trainers the training is not fruitful.

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)
Development Organisation of the Rural Poor-DORP is working here to train the affected family members by Payra Sea Port.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (smallholders)

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes
Comment on water extraction envisaged
The port is located in the east East on the bank of Rabnabad Channel .

Overall comment

Overall comment
In 2013 Payra Sea Port act is established to develop the third sea port in Bangladesh. Payra Sea Port Authority planned to acquire 2655.6564495 H Land for this sea port. 960.23404505 H land has been acquired already. This sea port will create job opportunity for local people. A number of people have give their land.But compensation is promised to all. Already Government has conducted 25 crore training program to make skill the affected family members. DORP has trained the members but the training is not fruitful.

Feb. 1, 2020, 6:26 a.m.

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