Deal #7541

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Exact location
Location
Ramu, Bangladesh

Latitude
21.4323682
Longitude
92.10084860000006
Facility name
Ramu Cantonment
Target country
Bangladesh
Location description
Ramu upazila, Cox's bazar zila, Rajarkul mouja, Vilagerpara, Bangladesh.
Comment on location
Ramu Cantonment is a cantonment located in Ramu of Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
728.43415603
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[current] 728.43415603
Comment on land area
Army was allocated 1,800 acres of forest land in Ramu. Of those 1,180 acres in Rajarkul, 264.55 acres in Khuniyapalang, and 344.43 acres in Umakhali Mouza.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Other (please specify)
Comment on intention of investment
Cantonment under Bangladesh Army.

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2014-04-19] Concluded (Oral Agreement)
Comment on negotiation status
Minister Sheikh Hasina confirmed the approval for a new cantonment in Ramu on 19 April 2014.

Implementation status

Implementation status
In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
The operation of different army activities have already started.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Operating company

Operating company
Name of investment project
Ramu Cantonment
Comment on investment chain
Bangladesh Government-parent/ implementer and Bangladesh Army- operating entity.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Government sources
File
Publication title
Ramu Cantonment
Comment on data source
Wikipedia.

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Army allotted forest land illegally
Date
2014-04-29

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Publication title
The role of Ramu Sennibus in protecting Bangladesh
Date
2014-07-14
Comment on data source
Frontline Bangladesh report.

Data source #4

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2014-06-21
Comment on data source
Fact finding report.

Names of communities / indigenous peoples affected

Comment on communities / indigenous peoples affected
Almost 1100 local people of 217 families are living and earn their livelihood via farming, fishing, giving protection of gardens and social forest in the 1180acre land of Rajarkul mouja.

Recognitions status of community land tenure

Recognition status of community land tenure
Community traditional or customary rights not recognized by government
Comment on recognitions status of community land tenure
The locals have informed the higher authority but of no use.

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation
Comment on consultation of local community
The locals have informed the higher authority but no solution given.

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Mixed reaction
Comment on community reaction
Most of the locals are not agreed with the project as their lands are taken away and land rights are violated.

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
Yes
Comment on presence of land conflicts
The land allocated to establish Ramu cantonment was done by bypassing law. Umakhali Mouza was identified marked as reserved forest land based on gazette notifications on 25 May 1907; 12 July 1930 and 11 June 1935. To allocate the land to army they were stripped of the status by invoking specific laws.

Displacement of people

Comment on displacement of people
Almost 1100people of 217 families are living and earn their livelihood via farming, fishing, giving protection of gardens and social forest in the 1180acre land of Rajarkul mouja. If the mentioned amount of land is given for the cantonment, the live and livelihood of this people will be hampered. They have informed the higher authority but no solution given. A whole local community may be extracted.

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Socio-economic
Cultural loss
Eviction
Displacement
Other
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
Families are living and earn their livelihood via farming, fishing, giving protection of gardens and social forest in the 1180acre land of Rajarkul mouja. If the mentioned amount of land is given for the cantonment, the live and livelihood of this people will be hampered. and may result in extraction of a whole local community.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
No specific data source found.
Received compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
No specific data source found.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Roads
Capacity Building
Financial Support
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Two schools(one govt.), several mosques and business organizations are there. Other proposed benefits, Six Freedom Museums, Botanical Gardens, Ramu Cantonment English School, Cantonment School and College, use of cantonment roads as runways for emergency flight; M-8, Sam System, Anti Aircraft Gun, Drone System, Artilla Person system, Type 59 BD tanks, APC, its own fiber-optic and satellite communication systems, power systems, Trust Bank branch.

Materialized benefits for local communities

Materialized benefits for local communities
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Roads
Capacity Building
Financial Support
Other
Comment on materialized benefits for local communities
Currently Ramu is in the cantonment Six Freedom Museums, Botanical Gardens, Ramu Cantonment English School, Cantonment School and College, use of cantonment roads as runways for emergency flight; M-8, Sam System, Anti Aircraft Gun, Drone System, Artilla Person system, Type 59 BD tanks, APC, its own fiber-optic and satellite communication systems, power systems, Trust Bank branch. (3)

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)
No specific data source found.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (smallholders)
Community
Comment on former land owner
Landless locals, farmers.

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture
Forestry

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland
Forest land
Comment on former land cover
Forests, hills, farming lands where crops where cultivating.

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT)

Application of Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT)
No

Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investments (PRAI)

Application of Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investments (PRAI)
No

Overall comment

Overall comment
Minister Sheikh Hasina confirmed the approval for a new cantonment in Ramu on 19 April 2014. Army was allocated 1,800 acres of forest land in Ramu. Of those 1,180 acres in Rajarkul, 264.55 acres in Khuniyapalang, and 344.43 acres in Umakhali Mouza. In 1954 some landless locals came at Ramu to build home for their living. They gave their huge effort in cleaning the forest wastes and cut down hill to start farming. The land allocated to establish Ramu cantonment was done by bypassing law. Rajarkul Mouza and Khuniyapalang Mouza are reserved forests, while that of Umakhali Mouza was identified marked as reserved forest land based on gazette notifications on 25 May 1907; 12 July 1930 and 11 June 1935. To allocate the land to army they were stripped of the status by invoking specific laws. Currently Ramu is in the cantonment Six Freedom Museums, Botanical Gardens, Ramu Cantonment English School, Cantonment School and College, use of cantonment roads as runways for emergency flight; M-8, Sam System, Anti Aircraft Gun, Drone System, Artilla Person system, Type 59 BD tanks, APC, its own fiber-optic and satellite communication systems, power systems, Trust Bank branch.

Jan. 28, 2020, 12:51 a.m.

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