Deal #7538

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Exact location
Location
Comilla, Bangladesh

Latitude
23.4375988
Longitude
91.18942689999994
Facility name
Comilla EPZ
Target country
Bangladesh
Location description
Comilla EPZ was established in the year 2000 at the Comilla Airport area near Tomsom Bridge.
Comment on location
Comilla EPZ situated near the Comilla Airport area near Tomsom Bridge.

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
108.28
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2000, current] 108.28
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2000, current] 108.28
Comment on land area
Total land area of this zone is 108.28 ha with 238 industrial plots. At present there are total fifty Bangladeshi and Foreign Investors are running their factories, they are manufacturing different products and providing services.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Industry
Comment on intention of investment
Export Processing Zone.

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2000, current] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina inaugurated Comilla EPZ on 15th July, 2000.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2000, current] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
At present there are total fifty Bangladeshi and Foreign Investors are running their factories, they are manufacturing different products and providing services.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Planned employees (total)
150000
Planned daily/seasonal workers (total)
40000
Current number of employees (total)
25700
Comment on jobs created (total)
At present(dec 26,2017), 25,700 men and women are working in 12 companies of Comilla EPZ.

Number of jobs for foreigners created

Jobs created (foreign)
Yes
Planned number of jobs (foreign)
0
Current number of employees (foreign)
6
Comment on jobs created (foreign)
At present(dec 26,2017), 6 foreign works here.

Operating company

Operating company
Name of investment project
Comilla EPZ
Comment on investment chain
BEPZA(Bangladesh Export Processing Zone Authority) is the operating/ parent company here in this project. Chinese owned Bangladesh Textile and Chemical Fibre would invest US$255m, Japan’s toy factory Hasi Tiger Company Ltd $1m, Japan’s Cat garment $3.5m, UK and China jointly owned company Tung Hing Bangladesh Manufactory Ltd $150.5m, Sri Lanka’s Western Paper industries $20.5m, Pakistan’s Surti Textile BD $220.5m, Turkey’s Star Carpet Private Ltd $20m, Turkish-Bangladesh jointly owned TNS garment $421m and Bangladesh Oaisis Sportswear Ltd $61.5m. These are some major investments in Comilla EPZ.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Government sources
File
Comment on data source
Government Website.

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
9 new units to start production in Comilla EPZ soon
Date
2013-06-19

Data source #3

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Comment on data source
MCCI website.

Data source #4

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2017-02-14
Comment on data source
Blog.

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
কুমিল্লা ইপিজেড: বহুমুখী সংকটে আগ্রহ হারাচ্ছেন বিনিয়োগকারীরা
Date
2017-12-26

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
কুমিল্লা ইপিজেড বদলে দিয়েছে উপজেলাবাসীর জীবনযাত্রা
Date
2012-09-12

Data source #7

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2019-11-08
Comment on data source
TV news.

Data source #8

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2010-11-27
Comment on data source
Online news.

Data source #9

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2015-06-13
Comment on data source
Webportal news.

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Socio-economic
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
Pollution is spreading around Comilla EPZ factory waste due to lack of proper refining at the central refinery. Due to chemical waste, river water is being polluted as well as threatening biodiversity. The disease is increasing at the local level. A refinery was erected here in the 20th to dispose of these factories. However, due to lack of proper purification, a large amount of chemical waste is constantly mixing with the adjacent rivers and canals. Water is being polluted.Locals alleged that the waste from Comilla EPZ was dumped into the water without proper purification. In this, at least 20 villages of Sadar upazila including Rajapara, Dishabandh and Kazipara are being contaminated with canal-water. The odor is spreading, the risk of disease is increasing.Environmentalists say that because of these wastes, Comilla's cropland is being wasted. Besides, biodiversity is also under threat. Millions of people are being affected.Environmentalists fear that the waste will gradually increase if the waste is not properly purified. Domestic and foreign investors are losing interest in Comilla EPZ in a multifaceted crisis with infrastructural problems. Investment and industrialization in this EPZ are being hampered due to continuous gas and electricity crisis, lack of industrial plots for setting up factories, increasing cost of production in local industries, strict rules, bureaucratic complexities and additional costs of infrastructure and services. It is alleged that foreign investors and working foreigners interested in Comilla EPZ lack proper accommodation and international quality facilities. Besides, the expatriates took the opportunity to mobilize the workers for different periods of pay and demand. As a result, the factory owners suffered losses.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
There is a Central Waste Refinery (CETP) so that at least 3,000 cubic meters of waste can be washed daily in both chemical and biological methods. Due to the introduction of EPZ, land prices in the surrounding area have increased geometrically. With the increase in home rent, people's living standards have improved. Establishment of waste refinery is saving 10000hectre farming land, natural organism, fishes, aquatic animals and the environment from being damaged.

Materialized benefits for local communities

Materialized benefits for local communities
Health
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Other
Comment on materialized benefits for local communities
Due to the introduction of EPZ, land prices in the surrounding area have increased geometrically. With the increase in home rent, people's living standards have improved. Establishment of waste refinery is saving 10000hectre farming land, natural organism, fishes, aquatic animals and the environment from being damaged.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (smallholders)

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes
Comment on water extraction envisaged
Water Supply : Treated water through Treatment Plant.

Overall comment

Overall comment
There are 238 plots in Comilla EPZ at present, while official sources said there is a plan to expand the area and set up 531 industrial plots in future. The World Bank is expected to finance the expansion project. This EPZ is the fourth largest export processing area in Bangladesh. Here the unemployed and well-educated youths of Comilla will get employment. This EPZ has already had a huge positive impact on the socio-economic sector of Comilla, including the surrounding area. Besides the bad consequences, this project will bring a great future.

Jan. 27, 2020, 11:52 p.m.

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