Deal #7515

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Approximate location
Location
Nishanbaria Rd, Bangladesh

Facility name
Payra Thermal Power Plant; Rural Power Company Limited (RPCL), GoB
Target country
Bangladesh
Location description
The proposed power plant project is located at Mauza Nishanbari, Dhankhali and Londa, Kalapara Upazila, Patuakhali district.The site is located on the western bank of River Rabnabad and adjacent to the proposed RPCL Power Plant in the south and APSCL’s proposed Power Plant in the north. The Project area is bounded by Andharmanik River to the south, Rabnabad River to the East, and Tiakhali River to the West.
Comment on location
The proposed power plant project is located at Mauza Nishanbari, Dhankhali and Londa, Kalapara Upazila, Patuakhali district.The site is located on the western bank of River Rabnabad and adjacent to the proposed RPCL Power Plant in the south and APSCL’s proposed Power Plant in the north. The Project area is bounded by Andharmanik River to the south, Rabnabad River to the East, and Tiakhali River to the West.

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
370.58683
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
125.319003
Comment on land area
The Rural Power Company Limited will acquire 915 acres for implementing the power project.Already 125.319003 h land has been acquired for the project among 370.58683 H. Still 245.267827 H land needs to be acquired. RPCL always keeps contact with administration of district about the further acquisition. Dams construction and land conservation work are underway on the acquired land.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
[current] Industry (370 ha)
Comment on intention of investment
It's a 1,320-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant project.

Nature of the deal

Comment on nature of the deal
The Rural Power Company Limited will acquire 915 acres for implementing the power project.Already 125.319003 h land has been acquired for the project among 370.58683 H. No mention of it was acquired

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2016] Intended (Memorandum of understanding)
[2018] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
In May 2016, Rural Power Company Limited (RPCL) and NORINCO International Cooperation Ltd., a publicly listed subsidiary of China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO), signed a Memo of Understanding for a 1320 MW coal-fired power plant in Patuakhali district. In September 2016, the project was reported to be moving forward, with approval from the Power Division.. In November 2017 it was reported that a joint venture agreement between Bangladesh's Rural Power Company Limited (RPCL) and Chinese state-owned Norinco International Ltd for construction of a 1320 MW coal plant in Patuakhali had been cleared. In April 2018 a Chinese firm was awarded the EPC contract for the plant.

Implementation status

Implementation status
Startup phase (no production)
Comment on implementation status
Already 125.319003 h land has been acquired for the project among 370.58683 H. Dams construction and land conservation work are underway on the acquired land.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Operating company

Name of investment project
Payra Thermal Power Plant; Rural Power Company Limited (RPCL), GoB
Comment on investment chain
Rural Power Company Limited (RPCL) of Bangladesh has signed a joint venture agreement (JVA) with Chinese state-owned Norinco International Ltd to set up a 1320MW plant in Patuakhali. RPCL and Norinco have 50:50 share.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Government sources
Comment on data source
This source is gained from official site of government.

Data source #2

Data source type
Government sources
Comment on data source
This is a goverment website.

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
Publication title
Govt to sign JV deal with Chinese firm
Date
2017-04-03

Data source #4

Data source type
Government sources
Comment on data source
This is environment impact assessment report of this project, got from government website.

Names of communities / indigenous peoples affected

Comment on communities / indigenous peoples affected
The local people become landless and lose their farmlands. According to government website 350 families are directly affected by this project. But the environment impact assessment report says 81% people are dependent on this land for agriculture purpose. The total population of this area is 117,967. So, 95,553 people are indirectly affected by this project.

Recognitions status of community land tenure

Recognition status of community land tenure
Community traditional or customary rights not recognized by government
Comment on recognitions status of community land tenure
The local people's land rights are directly and indirectly violated by this power plant project.

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation
Comment on consultation of local community
RPCL already acquired 125.319003 H land. For further acquisition, RPCL has kept contact with local administration. But no source is found that RPCL consulted with maximum number of local people before acquisition.

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Mixed reaction
Comment on community reaction
A maximum number of people loss their households and agricultural. Benefits and loss- mixed reaction has appeared among them. The 350 families are promised to get 10.1171 H instead of 370.58683 H which is very negligible. But still no hardcore rejection is found from local people in media.

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
No

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Number of people actually displaced
560
Number of households actually displaced
121
Comment on displacement of people
The Environment Impact Assessment report shows, the former population and households on this land are 560 and 121. They are totally displaced from this land. But 81% people of total population are dependent on this farm land. So we can say also 95,553 people are indirectly displaced by this power plant project.

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Socio-economic
Cultural loss
Eviction
Displacement
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
The communities are evicted and displaced by this power plant project. This will make a great cultural and socio-economic loss among them. Former this land is used for harvest. Destroying harvest land will cause environmental degradation.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
The Rural Power Company Limited promised to resettle 350 affected families by 10.1171.A modern village with schools, community centers and mosques will be set up on these land for the families affected by the project.
Received compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
Already the work to construct of 310 households, one school, one health center, one market, one mosque, one community hall or cyclone shelter home, drainage system, internal road, water, playground, boundaries and main gate are going on.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Roads
Capacity Building
Financial Support
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
The project promised to do township development, construction of transmission facilities and road communication.A modern village with schools, community centers and mosques will be set up for the families affected by the project.

Materialized benefits for local communities

Materialized benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Roads
Other
Comment on materialized benefits for local communities
80 per cent people start have already enjoyed power facility which includes solar home systems. Dams construction and land conservation work are underway on the acquired land. Already the work to construct of 310 households, one school, one health center, one market, one mosque, one community hall or cyclone shelter home, drainage system, internal road, water, playground, boundaries and main gate are going on.

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)
No presence of farmer organizations and NGOs are found.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Community
Comment on former land owner
The community people used to live and farm the land.

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture
Comment on former land use
The land was used for Agricultural Land (315.3229587 H) , pond (3.61788964 H),River/ Canal (18.2229945 H) and Homestead Vegetation (33.111379 H).

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland
Comment on former land cover
The land was used to cultivate rice, vegetable, pulses, sunflower, waterlemon etc.

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Rice (403 ha)
Sun Flower (15 ha)
Vegetables (unspecified) (47 ha)
Pulses (unspecified) (78 ha)
Crops yield
Rice (1148 tons)
Sun Flower (78 tons)
Vegetables (unspecified) (105 tons)
Pulses (unspecified) (97 tons)
Comment on crops
Total cropped area in the proposed project is 1636 acres, of which area of rice is 997acre (61% of cropped area) acres and non-rice crop area is 639 acre (39% of cropped area). In project area, the production contribution of HYV Aus, Lt Aus, HYV Aman, Lt Aman and HYV. Boro are about 12%, 2%, 14%, 64% and 8% respectively over total rice production, while vegetables, pulse, water melon, sunflower, chilli 18%, 30%, 38%, 6% and 7% of non-rice production respectively.
Comment on livestock
Livestock and poultry is an essential element of integrated farming system.Most of the households have poultry and livestock, which significantly reduce poverty through generating income.Numbers of livestock in project area are Cow/Bullock -108.9, Buffalo-12.1,Goat-193.6, Sheep-18.15,Duck-302.5 and Chicken -508.2

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
No
Comment on water extraction envisaged
Three major rivers and enormous canals are flowing in the project area. The names of rivers are Andharmanik, Rabnabad and Tiakhali. All the rivers and canals are tidal in nature. The Project area is bounded by Andharmanik River to the south, Rabnabad River to the East, and Tiakhali River to the West.

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Groundwater
Surface water (River, Lake)
Comment on source of water extraction
Three major rivers and enormous canals are flowing in the project area. The names of rivers are Andharmanik, Rabnabad and Tiakhali. There are numerous khals in the polder namely Nanda Khal, Mach Khali River,Modhupara Khal, and other branch khals which facilitate the flow circulation inside the proposed Project area.The project area receives sufficient amount of rainfall and groundwater is available there which are used by hand pumps for drinking and domestic purposes.

Overall comment

Overall comment
The Rural Power Company Limited has planned to acquire 915 acres of land for implementing 1,320-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in Patuakhali district, Barisal, Bangladesh.Already 125.319003 h land has been acquired for the project among 370.58683 H. Still 245.267827 H land needs to be acquired. RPCL always keeps contact with administration of district about the further acquisition. RPCL and China Company Norinco jointly venture on this project. RPCL promised to give 10.1171 H land to affected people and the construction of modern village is going on for 350 no families. But this power plant project indirectly affect 95,553 people so the rate of compensation is so insufficient. A large number of people loss households and farm lands. The destroying of crop lands will cause environment degradation.

Jan. 22, 2020, 6:56 p.m.

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