Deal #7514

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Approximate location
Location
Hatiya, Bangladesh

Facility name
Defence Training Area
Target country
Bangladesh
Location description
It lies about 4 km to the south of the Noakhali district mainland and "nearly 4.5 km west and about 13.5 km north-east of Hatiya.
Comment on location
It lies about 4 km to the south of the Noakhali district mainland and "nearly 4.5 km west and about 13.5 km north-east of Hatiya.

Land area

Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[current] 1214
Comment on land area
The total land area is a char land .

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Food crops, Conservation, Other (please specify)
Comment on intention of investment
As the island is being mainly developed as a training and exercise ground for the Bangladesh Army.

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease
Comment on nature of the deal
The government allocated it to the Bangladesh Army in 2012 for training as well as development of the island for habitation, improve law and order and forestation.

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
Concluded (Oral Agreement)
Comment on negotiation status
According to 33 Infantry Divisions of the Bangladesh Army, the island was renamed 'Swarna Dweep' and the government allocated it to the Bangladesh Army in 2012 for training as well as development of the island for habitation, improve law and order and forestation.

Implementation status

Implementation status
In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
The land is now thriving with multiple development projects of the government on dairy farming, fishing, vegetation and forestation.

Contract #1

Contract date
2012
Contract expiration date
2030
Duration of the agreement (in years)
18
Comment on contract
Handed to Army by the government in 2012 with the aim to achieve “Forces Goal 2030”.

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Planned number of jobs (total)
20000
Planned employees (total)
20000
Comment on jobs created (total)
Already 5,000 families are earning their livelihood through the projects here. . https://www.observerbd.com/details.php?id=117276 Media,18 January, 2018

Operating company

Operating company
Name of investment project
Defence Training Area
Comment on investment chain
Actors involved Bangladesh Water Development Board, Dept. of Local Govt. Engineering, Dept. of Public Health Engineering; Agricultural, Forest and Land Ministry. Others such as BRAC, Sagarika Social Development Association, Island Development Association and Society for Development Initiative.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Swarna Dweep: A glimpse of prosperous BD
Date
2018-01-18

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Army undertakes massive development scheme at Swarna Dweep
Date
2017-01-15

Data source #3

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2018-04-24
Comment on data source
Collected from a webportal.

Data source #4

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2014-09-14
Comment on data source
Fact finding report.

Names of communities / indigenous peoples affected

Comment on communities / indigenous peoples affected
500 local families become landless who managed another shelter of living there but have to leave.

Recognitions status of community land tenure

Recognition status of community land tenure
Community traditional or customary rights not recognized by government
Comment on recognitions status of community land tenure
The community lost their homes. The land rights have been violated.

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation
Comment on consultation of local community
After consulting, the locals are ready to leave their home but they demanded for their resettlement to the Govt from its khas land but no re-settlement.

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Mixed reaction
Comment on community reaction
A maximum number of affected people was not agreed. When the army went for pillar settlement, some landless families living in the char interrupted them and as a result a clash occurs between them.

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
Yes
Comment on presence of land conflicts
When the army went for pillar settlement for their camp, some landless families living in the char interrupted them and as a result a clash occurs between them.

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Number of households actually displaced
500
Comment on displacement of people
500 local families become landless and homeless who managed another shelter of living there but have to leave.

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Socio-economic
Cultural loss
Eviction
Displacement
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
The affected people lost their socio-economic and cultural status. A huge number of families displaced from the char land. They have no choice but have to leave.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
Locals were promised for resettlement.
Received compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
No resettlement done.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Roads
Capacity Building
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
The fish, meat, milk, eggs and cheese produced at Swarna Dweep Military Dairy Farm meets the demand for protein of the locals and the surplus is shipped to Chittagong and Comilla cantonments, said officials. The local people, too, can get emergency medical services here. Forestation plays a pivotal role in preventing environmental disasters.Char Development And Settlement Project(CDSP) taken by the Govt. of BD jointly with the Govt. of Netherland to manage land for the locals and the actor organizations also helped in doing so. Roads are created, crops are growing, locals are selling these crops in the market. President Hamid laid foundation stone of a 31-bed hospital, which will be constructed within 18 months under supervision of Army with the financial support of the Health Ministry. Two cyclone shelters-Mainamati Camp -1 and Sharnadeep Camp-are already in place. They have been designed to provide shelter to the island population during inclement weather.

Materialized benefits for local communities

Materialized benefits for local communities
Health
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Roads
Capacity Building
Other
Comment on materialized benefits for local communities
The fish, meat, milk, eggs and cheese produced at Swarna Dweep Military Dairy Farm meets the demand for protein of the locals and the surplus is shipped to Chittagong and Comilla cantonments, said officials. The local people, too, can get emergency medical services here. Forestation plays a pivotal role in preventing environmental disasters.Char Development And Settlement Project(CDSP) taken by the Govt. of BD jointly with the Govt. of Netherland to manage land for the locals and the actor organizations also helped in doing so. Roads are created, crops are growing, locals are selling these crops in the market. President Hamid laid foundation stone of a 31-bed hospital, which will be constructed within 18 months under supervision of Army with the financial support of the Health Ministry. Two cyclone shelters-Mainamati Camp -1 and Sharnadeep Camp-are already in place. They have been designed to provide shelter to the island population during inclement weather.

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)
Char Development And Settlement Project(CDSP) taken by the Govt. of BD jointly with the Govt. of Netherland to manage land for the locals and the actor organizations also helped in doing so.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Other
Comment on former land owner
The island was once a safe haven for pirates and robbers.

Former land use

Former land use
Forestry
Comment on former land use
Almost 90% of the char is Mangrove forest. Kewra, Gewa , Lona tree alongside with thorny and herb parabon.

Former land cover

Former land cover
Forest land
Comment on former land cover
Almost 90% of the char is Mangrove forest. Kewra, Gewa , Lona tree alongside with thorny and herb parabon.

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Coconut, Herbs (unspecified), Other crops (please specify)
Crops yield
Coconut, Herbs (unspecified), Other crops (please specify)
Comment on crops
A coconut orchard is being developed for which 1,500 saplings of coconut trees have been imported from Vietnam. Other vegetables are also grown there. A total of 2,000 seeds of Keora and 60,000 seeds of Paban Jhau trees have been sown by spraying them from a helicopter over the south and southeast zone," No Specific data for crop area, yield and export.
Livestock area
Cattle, Dairy Cattle, Poultry, Sheep, Other livestock (please specify)
Livestock yield
Cattle, Dairy Cattle, Poultry, Sheep, Other livestock (please specify)
Comment on livestock
A military farm has been developed with more than 13,000 buffaloes, 16,000 sheep and 8,000 cows. There are also hens, ducks and pigeons in the dairy farm. The island has significant biodiversity, with birds, snakes (some poisonous), and foxes. . These factories produce huge quantity of cheese per day from buffalo milk," sources added. No specific data for livestock area, yield and export.
Comment on resources
No specific data for resources.

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes
Comment on water extraction envisaged
Water will be extracted from tube well and digging ponds.

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Groundwater
Surface water ()
Comment on source of water extraction
Water is supplied from deep tube wells and fresh water conserved in two ponds that have been dug.

How much do investors pay for water and the use of water infrastructure?

Comment on how much do investors pay for water
No specific data.

How much water is extracted?

Comment on how much water is extracted
No specific data source.
Comment on use of irrigation infrastructure
No specific data source.

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT)

Application of Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT)
No

Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investments (PRAI)

Application of Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investments (PRAI)
No

Overall comment

Overall comment
Swarna Dweep will be a model for all the newly-emerging land in the mouth of the Bay of Bengal mostly in Noakhali, Cox's Bazar, Patuakhali, Feni, Bhola and Chittagong. Since 2014, the Bangladesh Army has been working relentlessly to turn the uninhabitable and remote Swarna Dweep off Noakhali into a prosperous island. The island popularly known as the Jahaijjar Char in Noakhali district surfaced in 1978. According to 33 Infantry Divisions of the Bangladesh Army, the island was renamed 'Swarna Dweep' and the government allocated it to the Bangladesh Army in 2012 for training as well as development of the island for habitation, improve law and order and forestation. Situated three metres above the sea level, the island is now 28 kilometers long and 14 kilometers wide in area. The land is now thriving with multiple development projects of the government on dairy farming, fishing, vegetation and forestation. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina regularly gets updates on the Swarna Dweep. With her support and the efforts of the Army, it will soon become another prosperous Bangladesh," sources said.

Jan. 22, 2020, 6:40 p.m.

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  • April 27, 2020, 8:01 p.m. by Mohammad Hisham | Reply

    Location is not right and the name of the char is Char Kareng, not Shawrna Dwip. Swarna Dwip is another big island. There is separate deal for it.

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