Deal #608

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Coordinates
Location
Orissa (Niyamgiri Hills), Kalahandi, Rayagada, location: Lanjigarh

Latitude
19.707887
Longitude
83.366332
Target country
India
Comment on location
location for mining

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Jharsuguda, Odisha, India

Target country
India
Comment on location
location for the plant

Land area

Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
1494
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2014] 834
Comment on land area
not entirely clear: 660 ha were acquired for mining; 243 ha for the plant - however, according to the company website, the plant is spread across an area of 2060 acres (=834 ha) (http://lanjigarhproject.sesasterliteodisha.com/lanjigarh-project.htm )

Intention of investment

Intention of the investment
Mining, Industry
Comment on intention of investment
bauxite mining and alumina refinery

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
Concluded (Oral Agreement)
[2008] Concluded (Oral Agreement)
[2014] Intended (Under negotiation)
Comment on negotiation status
several agreements; the first oral agreement for the project was given in the late 1990's on December 11, 2008, the ministry of environment and forests gave in-principal approval for the diversion of the land, on condition of implementation of a rehabilitation programme in the area in 2010, the government rejected forest clearance for bauxite extraction in April 2014, the Supreme Court declared that all previous leases "which were operating under second deemed licence since 2007, were illegal, and hence needed fresh environmental approvals" (http://www.dnaindia.com/money/report-sesa-sterlite-to-focus-on-bauxite-sourcing-goa-mining-this-fiscal-1996533 )

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2004] Startup phase (no production)
[2007] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
the refinery has commenced operations, but mining has not yet commenced because a required forest clearance permission has not yet been issued

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Current number of jobs (domestic)
67

Operating company

Operating company

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Action Aid, "Busting the myths about Vedanta's operation in Lanjigarh"

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-08-24

Data source #3

Data source type
Company sources
File
Date
2013-01-01

Data source #4

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
accessed: 2014-06-30

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-05-28

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-04-18

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-06-19

Data source #8

Data source type
Government sources
File
Comment on data source
accessed: 2014-06-30

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2012-10-13

Data source #10

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-01-14

Data source #11

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-01-12

Data source #12

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-01-29

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation
Comment on consultation of local community
initially there was no consultation and local people reported that the company had started clearing the land without informing them. Later on, consultations were held

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection

Displacement of people

Number of people actually displaced
515
Comment on displacement of people
121 families (according to the company)

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
initially no compensation, later on the company started organising a rehabilitation project in the area

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Community

Former land use

Former land use
Pastoralism
Forestry

Former land cover

Former land cover
Forest land
Shrub land/Grassland (Rangeland)

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Resources area
Bauxite

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes

How much water is extracted?

Comment on how much water is extracted
IND

Overall comment

Overall comment
Areas such as the Niyamgiri Hills enjoy special measures of protection under Schedule V of India’s Constitution. Plans to mine for bauxite at Niyamgiri have met with local and international opposition. Orissa state government has invited foreign and domestic investors in the context of an investment plan for mining and industry (2015) The deal pertaining to the industry site is still active but the mining has been put to a stop because the company fails to have an environmental clearance

July 7, 2015, 8:53 p.m.

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June 30, 2014, 2:37 p.m.

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June 30, 2014, 2:09 p.m.

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June 18, 2014, 2:06 p.m.

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Aug. 16, 2013, 12:04 p.m.

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March 9, 2013, 12:21 p.m.

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