Deal #6015

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Exact location
Location
Kachin, Myanmar (Burma)

Latitude
26.2186657
Longitude
96.7600175
Target country
Myanmar
Comment on location
Danai Hukawng Valley, Kachin State

Land area

Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2006] 80937
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2012] 12000
Comment on land area
Different media sources quote various sizes of the concession, most often 80'937 hectares, but sometimes also 121'406 hectares are stated. Few sources even state 161'874 hectares.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Biofuels

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2006] Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2007] In operation (production)

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Current number of employees (total)
[2015] 3000

Operating company

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2017-04-24
Comment on data source
The impact of gold mining and agricultural concessions on the tree cover and local communities in northern Myanmar (information on number of employees)

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-08-25
Comment on data source
The Irrawaddy: Mono-crop Plantations Threaten Tiger Reserve

Data source #3

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2013-02-28
Comment on data source
http://www2.irrawaddy.com/article.php?art_id=19299

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-05-11
Comment on data source
The Irrawaddy: Kachin Farmers Urge Govt to Address Yuzana Land Confiscation

Data source #5

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2011-06-01
Comment on data source
The Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG): Burma's Environment: People, Problems, Policies

Data source #6

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2012-01-01
Comment on data source
Transnational Institute. 2012. Financing Dispossession. China's Opium Substitution Programme in Northern Burma

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2017-03-02
Comment on data source
Kachin land news: Farmers in Kachin State Stand up to Yuzana Company’s Land Grab

Data source #8

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2010-01-01
Comment on data source
Kachin Development Networking Group (KDNG): tyrants, tycoons and tigers. Yuzana Company Ravages Burma’s Hugawng Valley

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection

Displacement of people

Number of people actually displaced
5000
Comment on displacement of people
Due to sources 1000 households were displaced. The number was calculated under the estimation that 5 persons live in one household

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
Deforestation

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
lack of adequate compensation. 80,000 Kyat ($80) per acre (300,000 Kyat per acre is claimed to be a more accurate value)

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (smallholders)

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture
Conservation
Comment on former land use
- "Local villagers living in the valley farming subsistence and cash crops, mainly rice and fruit, have seen their crops destroyed and their lands confiscated." (KDNG, 2010) -"A bitter land struggle is unfolding in northern Burma’s remote Hugawng Valley. Farmers that have been living for generations in the valley are defying one of the country’s most powerful tycoons as his company establishes massive mono-crop plantations in what happens to be the world’s largest tiger reserve." (KDNG, 2010)

Former land cover

Former land cover
Forest land
Comment on former land cover
See land conversion here: https://earthengine.google.com/timelapse/#v=26.16712,96.72676,10.166,latLng&t=3.20

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Cassava (Maniok), Sugar Cane

Use of produce

Has export
Yes
Comment on use of produce
Production for Chinese biofuel market

June 11, 2020, 6:18 p.m.

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Feb. 17, 2020, 10:43 p.m.

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April 5, 2018, 5:15 p.m.

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