Deal #564

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Exact location
Location
Mundra Thermal powerplant

Latitude
22.81890146921627
Longitude
69.55482675781815
Facility name
Mundra Thermal Power Plant
Target country
India
Area in operation
Comment on location
Adani Power Mundra is located in the Kucthh District in Taluka Mundra of Gujarat, comprising the villages of Vandh, Tunda & Siracha and is about 61 kms south of Bhuj City in Gujarat State, India. The plant is near National Highway 8A and adjacent to the sea. Source of shapefile of area in operation: Google satellite maps: 2019 CNES/Airbus, Kartendaten, openstreetmap.com and data source #8

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
293.0
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2007-01-01] 293
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2013-03-01, current] 297
Comment on land area
Company website indicated 734 acres used for the plant.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Industry
Comment on intention of investment
Coal-based power plant capacity is 4620 MW, comprising of 9 units with 4 units of 330 MW and 5 units of 660 MW. The 330 MW units are based on sub critical technology and the 660 MW units are based on supercritical technology.

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Outright Purchase
Comment on nature of the deal
The powerplant was constructed on land already allotted to Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone, which was obtained thru Outright Purchase.

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2007-05-10] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
May 10, 2007-- Ministry of Commerce and Industry notified power SEZ under Adani Power Private Limited of 293.881 ha in Tunda and Siracha villages.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2007-01-01] Startup phase (no production)
[2009-07-01, current] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
2009 – It started generation in July 2009 by implementation of its first 330 MW of 4,620 MW at Mundra.[11] This is the largest single location coal-based power project in India. 2010 – The company commissioned another three 330 MW by November 2010 and country's first supercritical unit of 660 MW on 22 December 2010, making its capacity 1,980 MW. 2011 – 0n 6 June 2011, it synchronised its second unit of 660 MW bringing the total generating capacity to 2,640 MW[14] and on 2 October 2011, it synchronised its third super critical unit with national grid. 2012 – In February 2012, it commissioned the last unit of Mundra Project to take its capacity to 4,620 MW which made the Mundra TPP the largest privately held thermal power plant in the world and fifth largest on an overall basis, as of March 2012.[16] This plant became the third-largest thermal power plant in the world after its completion.

Purchase price

Purchase price
10000
Purchase price currency
Indian Rupee
Purchase price area type
per ha
Comment on purchase price
The rates at which the Gautam Adani-promoted Adani Group bagged land from the Narendra Modi-led Gujarat government for its port and special economic zone (SEZ) project — between Re 1 and Rs 32 per square metre — were much lower than other companies that set up units in the state.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Operating company

Name of investment project
Mundra Thermal Power Plant
Comment on investment chain
Adani Power Private Limited is a subsidiary of Adani Group. The Mundra plant is the world’s first coal fired power project to receive carbon credits. It is generating about 1.8 million Certified Emission Reductions each year owing to its use of supercritical technology.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Personal information
Includes in-country-verified information
Yes

Data source #2

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2014-02-23
Comment on data source
wikipedia

Data source #3

Data source type
Government sources
File
Date
2013-04-01
Includes in-country-verified information
Yes
Comment on data source
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE FOR INSPECTION OF M/s ADANI PORT & SEZ LTD. MUNDRA, GUJARAT MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS, NEW DELHI

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-12-31

Data source #5

Data source type
Company sources
File
Publication title
Prefeasibility Report for Proposed Poly-Silicon Project (30,000 TPA)
Comment on data source
location of area on page 8-10

Data source #6

Data source type
Company sources
File
Date
2019-01-01

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Adani Group got land at cheapest rates in Modi's Gujarat
Date
2016-04-26

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Mundra world’s largest coal-fired pvt power plant Read more at: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/12241236.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst
Date
2012-03-12

Data source #9

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2020-10-09
Comment on data source
Wikipedia

Data source #10

Data source type
Media report
Publication title
Mundra Adani Thermal Power Project
Date
2019-12-25

Data source #11

Data source type
Company sources
Publication title
Operational Power Plants: Mundra, Gujarat
Date
2019-01-01
Comment on data source
Location is described here. Accessed 13 October 2020

Data source #12

Data source type
Company sources
Publication title
Operational Power Plants: Mundra, Gujarat
Date
2019-01-01
Comment on data source
Plant details are described here. Accessed 13 October 2020

Data source #13

Data source type
Media report
Publication title
Kutchi Fishermen and farmers still suffering after Adani's Mundra Port setup
Date
2020-01-06

Data source #14

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
Date
2010-06-01
Comment on data source
Case Study: Ripping Off the Mundra Coast! Environment and Forest Clearance Violations in Mundra Port and Special Economic Zone Ltd.'s Projects

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted
Comment on consultation of local community
the project is exempt from public hearing as the site is located in a notified power SEZ in October 2008 (MoEF Report 2013); public hearing procedure, which is a critical part of project clearance and helps to understand and mitigate the concerns of local people, has been bypassed on one pretext or another (same report:77)

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Mixed reaction

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
No
Comment on presence of land conflicts
The land allotted for the SEZ and port was government wasteland, forest land, grazing land and inter-tidal land. So, no acquisition hurdles were faced from farmers.

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Comment on displacement of people
It is clear that this community, which depends on the coasts for their livelihood is the most vulnerable and most hit by development projects. Their economy depends on the health of the sea and its interface with land. Projects at the coast do not often respect the rights of fisherfolk, as unlike farmers and settled villagers, their access is not encoded and recognized. This is what clearly has happened in Mundra and needs to be urgently addressed. (MoEF 2013:68) - according to the villagers is unlawful and unjustified, as gauchar land cannot be diverted for anything other than public purpose. --> in many villages the entire common land had been acquired. Given the pastoral nature of local economies, there is no doubt that this would have had adverse impacts on people, particularly the poor. The affected villages due to Mundra SEZ are Jarpara, Navinal and Dhrub. Jarpara and Navinal banders are closed now due to Mundra SEZ activity and fisherfolk of these banders are displaced to other locations.

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Socio-economic
Displacement
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
The SEZ where the powerplant is located is reported to have violated various environmental laws and caused fisher folks to lose income from fishing and access to fishing areas. Mangroves and mud flats were destroyed. In Tunda Village, there was strong opposition to Adani Power because of the take over of the villagers' grazing land.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
cash compensation for those with agricultural land
Received compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
cash compensation for those with agricultural land was provided but was considered meagre and fisher folks did not receive any compensation

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
State
Community
Other
Comment on former land owner
Private: Adani

Former land use

Former land use
Pastoralism
Forestry
Other
Comment on former land use
Pastoralism: grazing land Forestry: Mangrove Forest Other: Special Economic Zone

Former land cover

Former land cover
Forest land
Pasture
Shrub land/Grassland (Rangeland)
Wetland
Other land (e.g. developed land – specify in comment field)
Comment on former land cover
Forest: Mangrove Pasture: Grazing land Wetland: mud flats Other: Special Economic Zone

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Domestic use
100
Comment on use of produce
The company has signed long-term power purchase agreement with Gujarat and Haryana for 80% of the capacity while the remaining 20% will be sold on a merchant basis.

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Surface water ()
Comment on source of water extraction
Source of water for the power plant is sea water from the Gulf of Kutch. The Mundra Power Plant directly uses sea water for cooling system. For use in boilers and other auxiliary units water is purified through a process of reverse osmosis in RO plant. Here, 47 million litres of fresh water can be produced every day. Boilers require demineralised water which is produced in DM plants.

Overall comment

Overall comment
Environment degradation: The Committee is clear that there have been huge changes in the landscape of the Adani Port and SEZ area, including changes in the creeks – crucial to ensure the health of the mangroves and water system of this marine outfall area. - creeks showing signs of damage, because of soil deposition blocking access of seawater into the area (MoFE 2013:16) - Mangrove damage - The examination by the Committee shows that the soil in the area is permeable and without safeguards it will lead to contamination (p.46).

Nov. 30, 2020, 6:14 a.m.

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March 25, 2013, 8:16 p.m.

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Feb. 15, 2013, 5 p.m.

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