Deal #4275

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Approximate location
Location
Prachin Buri, Thailand

Target country
Thailand
Comment on location
Tha Toom in Prachinburi province, Thailand

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Exact location
Location
Chachoengsao, Thailand

Latitude
13.6904194
Longitude
101.07795959999999
Target country
Thailand

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
72000.0
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[1997] 31000
[2004, current] 32000
[2002] 57000
Comment on land area
the company had already 31000 ha of own land in operation and 50000 ha in operation via CF off the lease before 2000. In 2000 it announced plans to expand massively, which "would require a further 40,000 hectares for plantations and another 80,000 hectares for contract farming" (http://www.wrm.org.uy/oldsite/bulletin/36/Thailand.html ). There is no more current info available on this plan

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Timber plantation (for wood and fibre)

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Outright Purchase
Pure contract farming

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2004] Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[1982] Startup phase (no production)
[1995] In operation (production)

Contract farming

Contract farming
Yes
Not on leased / purchased area (out-grower)
Yes
Not on leased / purchased area (out-grower, in ha)
57000
Not on leased / purchased farmers (out-grower)
6000
Comment on contract farming
see comment above

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Planned number of jobs (total)
6000

Operating company

Operating company

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2000-07-25

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2004-06-01

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2007-06-01
Comment on data source
seems to have more current info regarding state - unfortunately I could not access this article

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2008-05-01
Comment on data source
seems to have more current info regarding state - unfortunately I could not access this article

Data source #7

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2001-09-01

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
The Pulp Invasion – Thailand
Date
2002-12-01

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Advance Agro plantations, Thailand
Date
2014-04-08

Data source #10

Data source type
Company sources
File
Publication title
The Double A Brand

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Mixed reaction
Comment on community reaction
"limited consent": when the company "started to look for land ... many villagers sold the land ... But villagers found that the eucalyptus plantations started to affect their rice fields as well. Suwan Kaewchan, a member of the Laem Khao Chan Tambon Administration Organization in Laem Khao Chan village, explained: "When the company came and started planting eucalyptus near the rice fields, the water began to dry up and people found they couldn't grow rice. One by one they began to sell their land and leave" (http://wrm.org.uy/oldsite/bulletin/83/Thailand.html )

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
Yes
Comment on presence of land conflicts
Environmental organizations are protesting against the expansion of plantations as they cause ecological problems and the land is needed for agricultural use.

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Socio-economic
Violence
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
The monoculture practice of planting eucalyptus and the paper production and discharges affect the lands of the community especially the rice fields

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (smallholders)

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Eucalyptus
Comment on crops
70% of the company's production is exported, the two largest markets being China and Japan

Use of produce

Domestic use
30
Has export
Yes
Export
70
Country 1
United States of America
Country 2
China
Country 3
Japan
Comment on use of produce
Europe

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
paper manufacture

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes

Overall comment

Overall comment
large areas were operated before 2000; no info regarding contracts found

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Dec. 18, 2013, 1:02 p.m.

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Dec. 18, 2013, 12:18 p.m.

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Dec. 18, 2013, 12:15 p.m.

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Dec. 17, 2013, 7:36 p.m.

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Dec. 17, 2013, 7:28 p.m.

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