Deal #4108

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Magway, Myanmar (Burma)

Target country
Myanmar
Comment on location
Part of the pipeline's path.

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Mandalay, Myanmar (Burma)

Target country
Myanmar
Comment on location
Part of the pipeline's path.

Location #3

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Shan, Myanmar (Burma)

Target country
Myanmar
Comment on location
Part of the pipeline's path.

Location #4

Spatial accuracy level
Approximate location
Location
Kyaukphyu, Rakhine State, Myanmar (Burma)

Target country
Myanmar
Comment on location
This is the location of Special Economic Zone (SEZ) where the main facilities are located).

Land area

Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2009] 59
Comment on land area
in the context of this pipeline project (see overall comment) land confiscations have taken place. The main investor company (Daewoo) published details on parts of the realized land transfers; accordingly, 59 ha were leased in 2009 in Rakhine state The pipeline itself stretches from Kyaukphyu to China covering 739 kilometers in length. (2017) Although the investor released that the land that they will acquire is only 59 ha a lot more land are destroyed due to the construction of the pipeline.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Oil / Gas extraction, Industry
Comment on intention of investment
energy, factory, road and railway construction

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Outright Purchase
Comment on nature of the deal
land was confiscated by the state and sold/made available to companies

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
several contracts between 2009 and 2011

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2004] Startup phase (no production)
[2015] In operation (production)

Operating company

Name of investment project
Shwe Gas Campaign
Comment on investment chain
several primary investors

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
Link to a brief CSO campaign against the target (Shew Gas Project)

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
Feature article on the target (Shew Gas Project)

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
Photo essay of CSO campaign on impacts of to local communities

Data source #4

Data source type
Company sources
File
Publication title
Land Acquisition Activities
Date
2010-01-01
Comment on data source
Updated the link. The data source is the compilation of DaeWoo International's land acquisition activities in Rakhine State.

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
The dirty fossil fuel secret behind Burma's democratic fairytale
Date
2013-04-26
Comment on data source
Blog post published in an online magazine.

Data source #6

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Publication title
Drawing the Line: The Case against China's shew gas project, for better extractive industries in Burm
Date
2013-09-01
Comment on data source
This a main reference for information on impacts and some basic data on the project

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-07-31

Data source #8

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2015-09-16

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-05-02
Comment on data source
Updated the link. The link is a business feature article on the Shew gas stalls.

Data source #10

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
http://www.mmtimes.com/index.php/business/15798-shwe-gas-cost-to-be-covered-within-four-years.html
Date
2015-08-03
Comment on data source
Very brief business article

Data source #11

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Failure to include civilian experts cause mistrust against Shwe gas project’s EIA result
Date
2017-03-13
Comment on data source
Myanmar peace monitor article

Data source #12

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
Publication title
Myanmar's ceasefire regime: two decades of unaccountable natural resource exploitation
Date
2016-04-16
Comment on data source
General information on resource exploitation activities in Myanmar, like the Shwe Gas pipeline

Data source #13

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Publication title
Corridor of Power
Date
2009-09-01
Comment on data source
book on general critiques on the Chinese projects, including Shwe Gas.

Names of communities / indigenous peoples affected

Comment on communities / indigenous peoples affected
Many villages/townships along the 739 kilometer stretch of the pipeline was affected. Listed by the Shwe Movement are : Kyaukphyu Arakan 6 Pwint Phyu Magway 5 Saku Magway 4 Minbu Magway 3 Ngaphay Magway 2 Ann Arakan 16 Pyin Oo Lwin Mandalay 15 Pathin Gyi Mandalay 14 Sein Kine Mandalay 13 Kyauk Say Mandalay 12 Tatarr Oo Mandalay 11 Northoo Gyi Mandalay 10 Taung Thar Mandalay 9 Kyauk Pantaung Mandalay 8 Chauk Magway 7 Yenan Chaung Magway 22 Namkham Shan (North) ) 20 Nanmatu Shan (North) 19 Thipaw Shan (North) 18 Kyauk Mye Shan (North) 17 Naung Cho Shan (North)

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
Yes

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Comment on displacement of people
displacement of "thousands of villagers"; livelihoods were diverted from agriculture

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Socio-economic
Displacement
Violence

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
few to no compensation received; for those with compensation, the compensation is usually unfair for land given up for the pipeline project

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Crop compensation, no added benefit

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)

Presence of organizations and actions taken (e.g. farmer organizations, NGOs, etc.)
Shwe Movement made documents. Several villages filed complaints to their local governments.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Community

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Comment on crops
Reference to crop compensated is only available in Rakhine state. 19 crops were identified in paddies and gardens

Overall comment

Overall comment
this case might not fulfill our criteria: it actually concerns a pipeline project, which however also includes railways and overland pipelines and, in its context several land confiscations have taken place. (2017) There was an EIA but there are people and groups that does not accept the result because it did not include CSOs and civilian experts.

July 26, 2020, 9:01 a.m.

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April 22, 2017, 6:37 p.m.

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July 27, 2015, 10:37 p.m.

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Sept. 26, 2013, 4:49 p.m.

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