Deal #3925

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Koka Nagawo, Ethiopia

Target country
Ethiopia
Comment on location
Koka, Koka Nagawo, Kibbish woreda (district), Bench Maji Zone

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
90000
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2010] 31000
Comment on land area
One report states 30 000ha. Koka plantation sought to expand threefold (by 60,000 ha) within five years- to 90000ha.

Intention of investment

Intention of the investment
Food crops, Non-food agricultural commodities, Agriculture unspecified

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2010] Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2012] Startup phase (no production)
[2014] Project abandoned
Comment on implementation status
Clearing the land occurred in 2012. There are reports that the plantation was closed in March 2014 due to security reasons.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Contract #1

Duration of the agreement (in years)
55

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Planned number of jobs (total)
40000
Current number of jobs (total)
[2012] 140
[2013] 20
Comment on jobs created (total)
At the end of the leasing time over 40.000 people should work on the plantation and in the nearby factories. Paid 30 euros per month.

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Current number of jobs (domestic)
[2012] 140
Comment on jobs created (domestic)
The majority of the local communities are comprised of Dizi and not Suri. The month before the closure of the plantation (February 2014), three plantation workers were allegedly killed.

Operating company

Name of investment project
Koka plantation

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
Dietmar temps Photography- Suri people under pressure: The Malaysian Plantation in Koka, Ethiopia

Data source #2

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2013-02-01
Comment on data source
Oakland Institute Omo Valley

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-02-07
Comment on data source
The Guardian- Ethiopia dam project is devastating the lives of remote indigenous groups

Data source #4

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
The Oakland Institute-Engineering Ethnic Conflict: THE TOLL OF ETHIOPIA’S PLANTATION DEVELOPMENT ON THE SURI PEOPLE, November 2014.

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Ethiopia: stealing the Omo Valley, destroying its ancient Peoples
Date
2015-02-16

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted
Comment on consultation of local community
Dizi tribe came to the village and told the Suri community that the land has been given to the company. The Dizi tribe have received tax from the government and the plantation. The Dizi tribe collaborate with the foreigners and encroach on the Suri land. On February 11, 2012 the company came with a GPS and demarcated the land they had been allocated. They told the Suri people that they must leave this village. On April 29th, 2012 the government went with soldiers and for two week tried to prevent the Suri from planting crops. This was to force the community to accept moving into the resettlement site. In one village near the Malaysian plantation, three houses were burned downed, with money, gold and grain stores inside. This was done by the plantation workers.

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
Initially thought it was a good development, then realised they loose their land and water. Heavy military presence (to stop community members from grazing their cattle on the land and stealing the crops) and some people have died in protests. Every bulldozer operated by a Malaysian plantation company is now guarded by several soldiers. This follows the alleged killing of 17 people near the plantation in October 2012. The Suri people fought the government with guns, resulting in a retaliation by the police, killing 65 community members. Suri members have been imprisoned, during which time the Dizi community members were allowed into the prisons to beat the Suri members up. Heavily armed soldiers were deployed in the region.

Displacement of people

Comment on displacement of people
Villagers lost their grazing and crop land, as well as access to water for their cattle. Members were intimidated to move to the resettlement site through the threat of arrest and violence, the conditional distribution of food aid, and the cutting off of resources, particularly grazing land and water to sustain pastoral livelihoods. The increase in violent clashes between the Suri and Dizi can be linked to the intrusion of the Koka plantation and displacement of Suri. Important grazing lands are now unavailable to the Suri while the community has been subject to a resettlement plan. In addition large scale plantations in the area have disturbed political order between the Suri and other local ethnic groups, escalating violent conflicts. Suri people were killed in a fight between Dizi and Suri people because some Suri villages were moved by the government. Plantation workers have burnt Suri community members houses down.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
Community members were offered a resettlement site.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Community

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture
Conservation

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland
Forest land
Marginal land
Comment on former land cover
The company cleared many trees which had economic importance to the Suri communities surrounding the project.

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Corn (Maize), Oil Palm, Rubber tree, Sesame, Trees (unspecified)

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes
Comment on use of produce
Food crops for the local market, oil palm for the world market

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Since the target of the plantation is the world market, the plantation is planning to process the raw material in new factories directly on the farm, and the transport will be managed by airplane.

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Surface water (River)
Comment on source of water extraction
The plantation diverted the water from the Koka River, there was not enough water for the cattle and the river dried up downstream.

Jan. 31, 2019, 7:36 a.m.

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March 24, 2016, 8:28 a.m.

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Aug. 13, 2015, 2:51 p.m.

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Aug. 4, 2015, 10:14 a.m.

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July 18, 2013, 3:16 p.m.

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