Deal #3796

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Coordinates
Location
Antioquia, Colombia

Latitude
6.45147
Longitude
-74.82511
Target country
Colombia
Comment on location
The pine plantations and properties of Agrícola de La Sierra are located in the municipalities of Amalfi, Yalí Vegachi, Yolombó, Maceo, Caracolí and San Roque. The shapefile uploaded in this platform is a grove description of its location. For more detail, please look at source 9, where a map is shown. It is not completely accurate, though. Satellite imagery show some reforestation done by the company.

Land area

Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2012-08-13] 28000
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2012] 7000
Comment on land area
Source 11

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Timber plantation (for wood and fibre)

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Outright Purchase
Comment on nature of the deal
The company has acquired at least 24 land holdings in the north eastern region of the state of Antioquia in Colombia. All of them are put in one land deal. Source 9

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2006] Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2012-08-13] In operation (production)

Purchase price

Comment on purchase price
They have invested US 40 Million but it is not clear whether that was devoted only for land purchases.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Current number of jobs (domestic)
[2011] 600

Operating company

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #4

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #6

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #9

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Comment on data source
Report written by congressman Iván Cepeda on the land accumulation by Agrícola de La SIerra and Anglo Gold Ashanti

Data source #10

Data source type
Media report
Publication title
Campesinos de Yolombó denuncian supuestos atropellos de empresa agrícola
Date
2018-08-13

Data source #11

Data source type
Government sources
File
Publication title
Colombia Forest Investment Conference
Date
2012-08-13
Comment on data source
Conference program of the Forest Conference held in Colombia. Description of some visits to be done during this conference.

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted
Comment on consultation of local community
According to source 10, the company never discussed the investment with the neighboring communities. It did not show any impact study on the environmental consequences of its presence, though.

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Mixed reaction
Comment on community reaction
Guerrilla groups have been reluctant to the presence of the company in the area. The FARC showed their opposition during the peace talks, while the ELN went a step further and kidnapped one of the company's engineers. The company would have had to pay an extortion or leave its operations in the area. The engineer was released along the peace talks with this group.

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
Yes
Comment on presence of land conflicts
Some of the properties of the Agrícola de La Sierra belonged previously to Juan Santiago Gallón Henao. This person was reported in the Clinton List and was found guilty of having connections to paramilitary groups. He even accepted having businesses with them. That was not an impediment for the company to acquire those lands. There were/are presence of illegal groups in the area (paramilitary and guerrilla). Moreover, some peasants had to flee due to the conflict present in the area. The company may have taken advantage of that to acquire the land, at leas that is what the peasants assert.

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Comment on displacement of people
The number of displaced people is actually unknown. Nevertheless, Source 10 relates to some peasants that had to leave their properties due to the conflict and when they could return, the company was already there in their holdings. They argue that their crops were destroyed and the grassland for their cattle as well.

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Eviction
Displacement
Violence
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
Source 10 also shows some neighbors from the area complaining for the incorrect fumigation of the company and the effect on their fields, additional to the already affection mentioned by the displaced peasants. It seems that the wrongdoings of the company are polluting water sources. It is not possible to signal a causality, but the company was involved (as a victim) in a kidnapping situation.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (smallholders)

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture
Pastoralism

Former land cover

Former land cover
Forest land
Pasture

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
[2012-08-13] Pine (7000 ha)

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT)

Application of Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT)
No
Comment on VGGT
They are located in areas where the land rights were not clearly stated. They transformed abandoned land. Once the previous owners returned they found the company there.

Overall comment

Overall comment
This deal relates to land acquisition for a forestry project in the Northeastern region of Antioquia, Colombia. A chilean joint venture by Comaco and Empresas Madesal have acquired 28000 hectares, from which 8000 are planted. The main produce of the area is pine. The company suffered from a kidnapping by the ELN guerrilla, which asserted by this time, that the company was getting the land irregularly. The kidnapped engineer was then released during the peace talks the group held during some time with the government. Some peasants also assert that the company has taken their lands, since they had to leave their properties due to the conflict. Once they returned, they found that their land was reforested with pine and the cassava, grassland and food crops were changed for pine plantations.

June 27, 2019, 9:33 a.m.

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Feb. 28, 2019, 6:47 p.m.

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May 14, 2018, 10:01 p.m.

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March 4, 2016, 12:39 a.m.

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June 7, 2013, 9:03 p.m.

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