Deal #3771

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Exact location
Location
Kwae, Ghana

Latitude
6.246377925389705
Longitude
-0.9546696760742179
Comment on location
The Kwae estate is located near Kade, in the Eastern Region of Ghana, and has a total concession of 8,953 ha. Another source states 8951 ha.

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Kade, Ghana

Target country
Ghana
Comment on location
The second industrial plantation is the Okumaning estate which has a total concession of 5200 ha. Another source states 8074 ha.

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
21000
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
14000
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2013] 8000
Comment on land area
Another source states 14153 ha. 8951 ha in Kwae and 5074ha at Okumaning.

Intention of investment

Intention of the investment
Non-food agricultural commodities, Agriculture unspecified

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
Okumaning Estate was acquired in 1991. Lease renewed in 2008.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[1995] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
Plantation started in 1975 as state-owned operation

Contract farming

Contract farming
Yes
Not on leased / purchased area (out-grower)
Yes
Not on leased / purchased area (out-grower, in ha)
13700
Not on leased / purchased farmers (out-grower)
7200
Comment on contract farming
provides financial (soft loan to be repaid after 7 years) and technical support to 7,000 farmers, who cultivate a total of 13,700 hectares of oil palm.

Contract #1

Duration of the agreement (in years)
50

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Current number of jobs (total)
[2013] 3000
Comment on jobs created (total)
The company, employing 3000 workers in the peak season. While 50 000 people receive a direct or indirect income from the oil palm trees.

Operating company

Comment on investment chain
Established in 1975. In 1995, GOPDC was privatised and sa Siat nv of Belgium acquired 51% of the company through Siat (Ghana) Ltd, a joint venture company with SSNIT (30%) and ATMF (Ghana) Ltd (19%). It now holds 100%(since 2009). One source states that the company acquired the last 20% fraudulently.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #2

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
GOPDC website

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Summary of Paper for RT5 Session I on Results of 2-year Trail Implementation of RSPO Principles & Criteria for Sustainable Palm Oil Production

Data source #4

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
GOPDC- SUMMARY OF PROPOSED INVESTMENT

Data source #5

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
GOPDC- ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIAL REVIEW SUMMARY

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-05-19
Comment on data source
Land Justice 4 WestAfrica- 98- year old, blind Elizabeth has to give way for Palm Oil Plantation

Data source #7

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2016-06-14
Comment on data source
The global farmland grab in 2016: how big, how bad?

Data source #8

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
Comment on data source
World Resources Institute, Rainforest Alliance, Proforest, and Daemeter. “Universal Mill List.” October 2018. Accessed through Global Forest Watch on [date]. www.globalforestwatch.org

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Mixed reaction
Comment on community reaction
One community, Kusi, has so far chosen not to release part of its land within the Okumaning concession

Displacement of people

Comment on displacement of people
Evictions are on-going in 2016.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
An inventory was made of the farmers on the land, various resettlement action plans have been implemented, resulting in a compensation cost of around $2000 per ha for the leased land. Another source states the company has paid compensation of between 250 and 2000 Ghana Cedis per house. Compensation is not enough. With no relocation plan agreed upon, land to build a traditional house with clay and wood is not available.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Increased communication for the neighboring villages

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
State

Former land use

Former land use
Commercial (large-scale) agriculture
Smallholder agriculture
Comment on former land use
The Kwae plantation was an established plantation when GOPDC acquired it. Okumaning comprised of small scale farming and fallow lands.

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland
Marginal land
Comment on former land cover
Okumaning was a mixture of limited natural and largely disturbed habitat.

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Oil Palm

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes
Comment on use of produce
Mainly for the domestic market

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
GOPDC runs a refinery/fractionation plant with a capacity of 100 tonnes per day. GOPDC has an aggregate storage capacity of 21,000 tonnes both at Kwae, which is located near Kade in the Eastern Region of Ghana, and Tema.

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Surface water (River)

Overall comment

Overall comment
In March 2015 GOPDC received their RSPO Certificate. One source states that the company acquired the last 20% shareholding in the project fraudulently (it was allocated to the community).

Feb. 15, 2019, 10:44 a.m.

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May 22, 2018, 6:31 p.m.

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May 14, 2018, 9:35 p.m.

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May 20, 2016, 3:57 p.m.

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Oct. 7, 2014, 12:29 p.m.

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July 12, 2013, 4:24 p.m.

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May 31, 2013, 10:45 a.m.

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