Deal #355

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Exact location
Location
Mīrpur Khās, Pakistan

Latitude
25.51799
Longitude
69.01267200000007
Target country
Pakistan

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
2023.0
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2007] 1295
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2012] 73
[2019, current] 3432
Comment on land area
3432 ha of land dedicated for feed cultivation

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Food crops, Fodder
Comment on intention of investment
Al Dahra is an agribusiness firm specializing in the cultivation, production and trading of animal feed and human food commodities such as rice, flour, fruits and vegetables. In 2012, Pakistan supplies high quality Basmati rice to the company

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2007] Intended (Under negotiation)
Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2008-02-15] Startup phase (no production)
[2007] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
February 15, 2008 us the incorporation date A Dahra

Leasing fees

Annual leasing fee
25000
Annual leasing fee currency
Pakistan Rupee (₨)
Comment on leasing fees
The contract was originally at Rs. 10,000 per acre for five years but now the contract has been renewed for another five years at Rs. 25,000 per acre

Contract #1

Duration of the agreement (in years)
10

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Current number of jobs (total)
[2012] 90
Current number of employees (total)
[2012] 9
Comment on jobs created (total)
round about Tractor driver, machine operator, 8-10 guards, 50-60 salaried laborers at Rs. 8,000 with 9-5 working hours; four water courses has 15 people each course; Drivers are paid Rs. 12,000 and heavy machine operators are paid Rs. 40,000.

Number of jobs for foreigners created

Jobs created (foreign)
Yes
Current number of jobs (foreign)
[2012] 2

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Comment on jobs created (domestic)
142 approximate local workers. One from every household in the village. However, according to FGDs, the company had not employed people from their village; all of the workers were hired from the Minister’s own village. They are paid a minimum wage of Rs. 6,500 per month. In the beginning they had been paid Rs 4,500, which was later increased to Rs 6,000. In the past few months the pay has been increased to Rs 6,500.Their work includes watering the grass fields, realigning the land (called banoo) spreading urea, and cutting grass at the sides of the field (which machines were unable to do) as well as any other support work needed. Workers employed on the field were given no off day, not even one day a week. If people did not come to work, their pay would be deducted.

Operating company

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-01-01

Data source #2

Data source type
Company sources
File
Includes in-country-verified information
Yes

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2012-10-12

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
AL DAHRA HOLDING

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Emirates seek overseas feed supply
Date
2010-08-16

Data source #6

Data source type
Company sources
File
Publication title
Farming and Processing

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Displacing farmers for grass production in Pakistan
Date
2012-10-17

Data source #8

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Publication title
Of Collusions and Collaborations: A Case of Land Grab in Sindh, Pakistan
Date
2012-10-12

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Comment on displacement of people
100-150 families Al Dahra Agriculture has forcedly grabbed 202 ha of land in the village of Sayed, Khadim Ali Shah, Mirpurkhas district.

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Socio-economic
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
Through a lease, local landlords formerly growing food crops are now planting rhodes grass and alfalfa. Farmers are suddenly reduced to being underpaid grass production workers

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (large-scale farm)

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture
Pastoralism

Former land cover

Former land cover
Shrub land/Grassland (Rangeland)

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Alfalfa, Fodder Plants (unspecified), Rice

Use of produce

Has export
Yes
Country 1
United Arab Emirates

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Surface water (River)

How much water is extracted?

Water footprint of the investment project
Grass production by Al Dahra has also caused water shortage in adjacent lands. In addition, Al Dahra has installed a heavy water sucking machine which sucks water from the water channels creating water shortage.

Overall comment

Overall comment
Read on the "Of Collusions and Collaborations: A Case of Land Grab in Sindh, Pakistan" by the Pesticide Action Network Asia and the Pacific for more detailed information

Feb. 16, 2020, 6:55 p.m.

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March 8, 2017, 5:36 p.m.

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July 7, 2015, 8 p.m.

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Nov. 28, 2013, 6:40 p.m.

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May 13, 2013, 1:35 a.m.

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Feb. 15, 2013, 4:59 p.m.

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