Deal #19

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Approximate location
Location
Memot, Cambodia

Target country
Cambodia
Comment on location
Kohthmor Village, Changkorm 1 Village, and Changkorm Kandal Village in Tonlung commune, Memoth District, Kampong Cham Province

Land area

Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
10603
Comment on land area
Complaint lodged by the indigenous communities affected indicates that the company has taken 10,603 hectares: 3,000 belonging to Koh Thmor village, 4,271 belonging to Changkorm1 village and 3,332 belonging to Changkorm Kandal village.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Food crops, Non-food agricultural commodities
Comment on intention of investment
Rubber and Cashew

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Concession

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2006] Startup phase (no production)

Operating company

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Accessed: 18:12:2013; URL not accessible and uploaded file is blank in 8/31/2020

Data source #2

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2009-01-01

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2008-10-01
Comment on data source
source file uploaded is in accessible on 08/31/2020

Names of communities / indigenous peoples affected

Comment on communities / indigenous peoples affected
Three (Kohthmor, Changkorm 1, and Changkorm Kandal) in Tonlung commune

Recognitions status of community land tenure

Recognition status of community land tenure
Indigenous Peoples traditional or customary rights not recognized by government

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
Yes
Comment on presence of land conflicts
Encroachment of farmland and forest and land grabbing of the company

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Number of people facing displacement once project is fully implemented
2000

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Environmental degradation
Socio-economic
Cultural loss
Eviction
Displacement
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
The loss of community forest and land has deprived households of sources of income, such as non-timber forest products and land reserved for future generations. It adds their plan to register the area as indigenous community land has been obstructed. Mango groves, grazing land, spirit forests and farm fields have been destroyed.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
State
Community
Indigenous people

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture
Pastoralism
Forestry
Other
Comment on former land use
spirit forest

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland
Forest land
Pasture

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Cashew, Rubber tree

Use of produce

Comment on use of produce
The major markets of the company are China, Taiwan, Philippines, Russia, Malaysia, Singapore, Japan, Turkey, Europe, South America. Although the source of product and product itself was not specified if in Cambodia.

Overall comment

Overall comment
No update on the deal and the human rights case after 2009.

Aug. 31, 2020, 2:11 a.m.

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