Deal #1791

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Linguere, Senegal

Facility name
Asiyla Gum Company SARL
Target country
Senegal
Comment on location
The land is located in 10 communes in the department of Linguère, covering an area of 20,000 hectares.

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
20000.0
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2005] 20000
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2020] 18000
Comment on land area
18000ha according to landmatrix survey 2020. Of the 20,000 ha affected, there are areas that have not been exploited due to the conflicts.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Non-food agricultural commodities, For carbon sequestration/REDD, Forestry unspecified
Comment on intention of investment
Reforestation of degraded land.

Nature of the deal

Comment on nature of the deal
The land was allocated by commune (the rural authority) to the company (cf article 8 of Law 64-46)

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2005] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
The project generates income of two types: income from the production of gum and income from sales of carbon credits.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2005] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
Planting began in August 2005. The project was temporary suspended, which explains the delay between the initial planting phases in 2005 and the publication of the PDD in 2011. Jeremy states that this project may be abandoned.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Current number of jobs (total)
[2020] 643
Current number of employees (total)
[2020] 13
Current number of daily/seasonal workers (total)
630
Comment on jobs created (total)
The number of daily/saisonal workers can evolve according to the period.

Operating company

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2011-01-01
Comment on data source
Moussa DJIRE & Augustin WAMBO, Les transactions sur les terres en Africa de l’Ouest

Data source #2

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Comment on data source
CASCADe programme presentation

Data source #3

Data source type
Personal information
Date
2015-10-21
Comment on data source
Jeremy states that this project may be abandoned.

Data source #4

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Certificate of compliance to USDA National Organic Program, Final Rule 7 CFR Part 205, products certified as organic.

Data source #5

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
CASCADe Africa 2007-2011. FOREST CARBON PROJECTS CONSIDERATION OF THE CDM PRIOR TO THE START OF THE PROJECT. The case study of the Asiyla Gum project in Senegal. May 2011.

Data source #6

Data source type
Personal information
Date
2020-06-02

Recognitions status of community land tenure

Recognition status of community land tenure
Indigenous Peoples traditional or customary rights recognized by government

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Consent

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
Yes
Comment on presence of land conflicts
Impossibility to exploit the fields of Mboula due to a conflict between populations (Kamb-Mboula). There are also conflicts between the company and the pastoralists due to raving.

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
No

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Socio-economic
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
Pastoralists are the most affected by Asiyla activities because they are totally dependent on the forest. Indeed, the cohabitation of Asiyla with herders and their livestock is done with many difficulties, including the problems of goat raving and theft or destruction of fences. The types of conflicts can be approached in various ways depending on their frequency and intensity. Conflicts take place almost every day during the bleeding period (during the hot season) and the harvest (during the cooler period); and they are sometimes of high intensity with payment terms against the herders, but most of their incidence is settled amicably with the intervention of the local mayor. Relations between the company and the villagers are mainly marked by a lack of collaboration and a lack of communication. The local population complains about the decline in pastoral space and arable land.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Designated grazing areas for livestock. Food crops can also be grown on plantations.

Materialized benefits for local communities

Materialized benefits for local communities
Health
Education

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
State
Community

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture
Pastoralism

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland
Pasture

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Accacia, Rubber tree
Crops yield
[2020] Other crops (please specify) (250 tons)
Comment on crops
other=Arabic Gum

Use of produce

Has export
Yes

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Arabic Gum. Produced 200 tonnes in 2008.

Source of water extraction

Comment on source of water extraction
rainwater

June 8, 2020, 9:22 a.m.

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Nov. 20, 2015, 10:06 a.m.

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June 4, 2013, 1:48 p.m.

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Feb. 15, 2013, 5:02 p.m.

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