Deal #1363

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Garsen, Kenya

Target country
Kenya
Comment on location
Tana River Delta. Heading north on the B8 highway, which connects the Kenyan port city of Mombasa to Garissa Town close to the Somali border, a small white signboard marks a turning onto a dirt road.

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
160000
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2009] 160000
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2013] 10000
Comment on land area
60000ha for jatropha (other data sources state 64000ha), 100000 for traditional purposes. Possibility of acquiring an additional 200 000 hectares. 160 000ha lies across seven ranches in Tana River County in Kenya. Another report states total area acquired is 93 337ha.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Biofuels, Food crops, Livestock
Comment on intention of investment
Jatropha is the main crop which is to be grown under the project. Intercrop with food crops for residents of surrounding communities.

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease
Comment on nature of the deal
Option to extend the lease. Securing leases directly from ranch owners.

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2009] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
Uncertainty around the environmental licensing process for this project- the region in which the company operates is high in biodiversity and home to various endangered species.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2009] In operation (production)
[2013] Project abandoned
Comment on implementation status
Only 10 000 hectare pilot project has been planted. The project was abandoned due to local resistance when the community refused to move off the land as they were concerned about their grazing rights. Company declared bankruptcy in 2013.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No
Comment on contract farming
considering outgrower system

Contract #1

Duration of the agreement (in years)
45

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Current number of employees (domestic)
[2012] 7
Comment on jobs created (domestic)
Bedford promised jobs would be made available--- would employ 3000 people. Bedford only employed seven full-time local employees, all working as security staff. The company employed seasonal workers for three months and after planting they told them to go back where they were from. There are many people who are very disappointed.

Operating company

Comment on investment chain
One source states that the Kenyan government aimed to gain 35% of the shares in the project.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-05-13
Comment on data source
Edmonton businessman accused of illegally raising $16 million for failed Kenyan oilseed project

Data source #2

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2011-07-19
Comment on data source
A Rocha Kenya, Christians Working in Practical Community Orientated Conservation- blog

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-06-22
Comment on data source
LA Times- Biofuel project in Kenya ignites land, environmental disputes

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-06-16
Comment on data source
Qatar Foundation- The Bitter Taste Of Biofuels

Data source #5

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2014-05-08
Comment on data source
Sustainability: Putting a Spin on Jatropha: How Conservationist Rhetoric Drove Bedford Biofuels out of Tana Delta-Kenya, Froukje Krijtenburg and Sandra J. T. M. Evers.

Data source #6

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Bedford Biofuels-- Tana Delta Phase 1 Investment Corporation Product Summary

Data source #7

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2011-06-13
Comment on data source
Petition: Bedford Biofuels to plant jatropha in the Tana Delta

Data source #8

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2010-01-01
Comment on data source
Land Grab in Kenya: Implications for Small-holder Farmers

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-08-12

Data source #10

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Canada and the global land rush: Analysis of Canadian involvement in large-scale agricultural land acquisition in the Southern Hemisphere, April 2013

Data source #11

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-06-24
Comment on data source
Biofuels Digest- Bedford Biofuels pulls out of Kenyan biofuels project

Data source #12

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2014-09-02
Comment on data source
Environmental Justice Atlas website- Bedford Biofuels Jatropha, Tana Delta, Kenya

Data source #13

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
Our land Our business- World bank’s bad business in Kenya

Data source #14

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2011-07-02
Comment on data source
The Guardian- Biofuels land grab in Kenya's Tana Delta fuels talk of war

Data source #15

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Company website no longer works

Data source #16

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
Publication title
Large-scale land deals from the inside out: findings from Kenya's Tana Delta

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
Yes
Comment on presence of land conflicts
local resistance when the community refused to move off the land as they were concerned about their grazing rights.

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Comment on displacement of people
One data source states 80 000- 100 000 people.

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Eviction
Displacement
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
Threat of eviction

Promised or received compensation

Received compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
Community members did not received the compensation that was promised.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Jobs, health facilities, schools. Bedford promised to invest $3.6 million into community projects such as schools and clinics for every 10,000 hectares of land. Social responsibility projects have not taken off.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Community
Comment on former land owner
The ranches-- the title deeds of which are held collectively by groups of locals

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture
Pastoralism

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland
Marginal land

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Jatropha, Food crops (unspecified)
Livestock area
Cattle

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes
Comment on use of produce
Biofuel for the European Market, food crops for the local market

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
AGF (Agrofuel production)- Jatropha Processed into Crude Jatropha Oil

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes
Comment on water extraction envisaged
Another report states no irrigation planned.

Overall comment

Overall comment
ESIA partly approved in May 2011.

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Feb. 15, 2013, 5:01 p.m.

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