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Deal #1166

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Cuvette, Congo

Target country
Congo, Rep.
Comment on location
The majority of the land (402,637 hectares) is in Cuvette Province, while the remaining 67,363 hectares are in Mokeko District in Sangha Province. située entre les districts de Makoua et de Mokeko, à environ 600 kilomètres au nord de Brazzaville

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
470000
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2010] 470000
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2013] 400
Comment on land area
Atama says it will develop palm oil plantations on 180,000ha. 15000 cubic meters of timber has been felled for 120 hectares- thus to clear 180 000 would result in a sale of timber valued at more than $500 million.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Agriculture unspecified, Timber plantation (for wood and fibre), Renewable Energy
Comment on intention of investment
180000 of palm groves, & 290000 for ancillary industries, for industrial production of palm oil estimated at 90000 tonnes per year The company has admitted that “timber extraction is a necessary part of the process to make available land for an oil palm plantation”- The potential profits from harvesting this timber may be one of the main driving factors behind the development. The planting program for palm oil is envisaged to be carried out in 10 phases over a 15-year period and the first phase commenced in 2013.

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2010] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
On 17 December 2010, after 19 months of negotiations, the Minister of Agriculture and the Minister of Land Affairs and Public Domain in the Republic of Congo signed a concession agreement with a company called Atama Plantations to ‘occupy’ 470,000 hectares of federal land for the development of an oil palm plantation and associated industrial complexes.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2013] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
To date, Atama has begun clearfelling forests for roads and an oil palm nursery in one area of 5,000 hectares at Epoma in Sangha65, while a second 5,000 hectare section of forest in the concession in Cuvette has also been signed off for logging and clearance. 400ha planted between March and June 2013.

Leasing fees

Annual leasing fee
2500
Annual leasing fee currency
Congolese Franc
Annual leasing fee type
per ha
Comment on leasing fees
The licensee has to pay royalties of CFA 2,500 (US$5) per hectare of planted land (half the rate which will eventually be paid by Olam in Gabon, from when palm oil production starts, but is exempted from customs duties or VAT on imports of equipment, and from all taxes on profits for the first five years of production.

Contract #1

Contract date
2010-12-17
Duration of the agreement (in years)
30

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Planned number of jobs (domestic)
20000

Operating company

Operating company

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2011-01-01
Comment on data source
Forest Trends Report Series- Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance September 2014 Consumer Goods and Deforestation: An Analysis of the Extent and Nature of Illegality in Forest Conversion for Agriculture and Timber Plantations, September 2014. pg 97 and 99

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File

Data source #4

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
Bloomberg Businessweek- Atama Plantations

Data source #7

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Rainforest Foundation- Seeds of destruction, February 2013, case studies of new oil palm developments in the Congo basin

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-03-17
Comment on data source
African Conservation Foundation- Atama Plantations SARL will create largest oil palm plantation in Congo Basin

Data source #9

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #10

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Forest Trends Report Series- Forest Trends Report Series Forest Trade and Finance September 2014 Consumer Goods and Deforestation: An Analysis of the Extent and Nature of Illegality in Forest Conversion for Agriculture and Timber Plantations, September 2014. pg 97 and 99

Consultation of local community

Comment on consultation of local community
No evidence to suggest free prior and informed consent was obtained from the communities affected.

How did the community react?

Comment on community reaction
No evidence that a social impact assessment study was undertaken.

Former land use

Former land use
Forestry
Conservation
Comment on former land use
the majority of the area slated for conversion for the Atama plantation is virgin rainforest, housing many endangered species. Much of this forest would almost certainly be classified as being of ‘high conservation value’ (HCV) according to standard definitions. No evidence that an environmental impact assessment study was undertaken.

Former land cover

Former land cover
Forest land
Comment on former land cover
Around 28,000 hectares of the allocated concession land appears to overlap with a proposed new National Park, Ntokou-Pikounda, which was announced in 2006 and is in the last stage of formal establishment.

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Oil Palm

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Palm oil. The waste material will generate electricity

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes

Overall comment

Overall comment
Import of error check - Coordinator's overview comment: 0

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