Deal #1140

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Nanga-Eboko, Cameroon

Target country
Cameroon
Comment on location
120ha+2,000ha (intended)

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Ndjoré, Cameroon

Target country
Cameroon
Comment on location
4,000ha (intended)

Location #3

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Santchou, Cameroon

Target country
Cameroon
Comment on location
4000ha (intended)

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
10120
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2005] 120
Comment on land area
The only operations have occurred at the rice station in Nanga-Eboko (ATDC). Additional 10000ha was only under MOU, was never signed over in a lease agreement. Another data source states size under contract is 6000hectares- 1000ha for cassava, 2000ha for rice and 3000ha for the production and processing of cassava. While another source states the size under contract is only 100ha.

Intention of investment

Intention of the investment
Food crops

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2005] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
The company never obtained a lease for 10000ha additional land, only an MOU was obtained.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2010] Startup phase (no production)
Comment on implementation status
Apparently the company has been experimenting with different varieties of rice and some of the production has been sold on the local market.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Number of jobs for foreigners created

Jobs created (foreign)
Yes
Current number of jobs (foreign)
60
Comment on jobs created (foreign)
One source states that 60 Chinese work there

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Current number of jobs (domestic)
100
Comment on jobs created (domestic)
One source states that 100 locals work there. Employees said the Chinese refused to give them formal contracts or to pay above the local rate for farm labor, between two and three dollars a day

Operating company

Operating company
Comment on investment chain
Originally project was under Shaanxi Land Reclamation General Corporation (also known as Shaanxi State Farm). In Cameroon, it operates through its subsidiary IKO Ltd, which, in turn, has established a local company called Sino-Cam Iko Ltd. In 2012, Shaanxi Land Reclamation General Corporation handed the project over to Shaanxi Overseas Investment and Development Co Ltd.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2010-01-01
Comment on data source
GLP Report, International Project Office and authors

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2012-10-22
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Unpacking a Chinese company's land grab in Cameroon

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2011-10-27
Comment on data source
La Ferme Chinoise bientot operationnelle

Data source #4

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2014-11-03
Comment on data source
Commercial farms Africa- Received from Ward

Data source #5

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Agro-industrial investments in Cameroon: Large scale land acquisitions since 2005. IIED. Samuel Nguiffo and Michelle Sonkoue Watio.

Data source #6

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Data: Chinese Agricultural Investments in Africa

Data source #7

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Jean-Pierre Cabestan (2015): China –Cameroon relations: Fortunes and limits of an old political complicity, South African Journal of International Affairs

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-09-02
Comment on data source
All China Review: Will Africa Feed China? “Begging with a Golden Bowl” Food Security and Commercial Farms

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
Publication title
La coopération sino-camerounaise déchiffrée
Date
2019-04-14

Data source #10

Data source type
Media report
Date
2010-01-19
Comment on data source
Local residents denounce the exploitation of workers and the poor quality of rice from farms controlled by a Chinese company

Recognitions status of community land tenure

Recognition status of community land tenure
Indigenous Peoples traditional or customary rights not recognized by government

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
Local community protested against the project. In May 2011, villagers were arrested for protesting the government’s decision to allocate part of their land to the Chinese investors.

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
Yes

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
No compensation

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Education

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (large-scale farm)
Comment on former land owner
Rehabilitating around 100 hectares of rice fields at Nanga-Eboko, a Taiwanese aid project, abandoned in 1971 after Cameroon officially broke diplomatic ties with Taipei.

Former land use

Former land use
Commercial (large-scale) agriculture

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Cassava (Maniok), Corn (Maize), Fruit (unspecified), Grains (unspecified), Rice, Vegetables (unspecified)

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Surface water (River)
Comment on source of water extraction
Irrigation to the site, which draws from the adjacent Sanaga River, is being rehabilitated, and most of the lands are still not under production.

Overall comment

Overall comment
China Development Bank initially agreed to give the loan but later rejected the project. Investor was changed from Shaanxi Land Reclamation General Corporation (also known as Shaanxi State Farm) to Shaanxi Overseas Investment and Development Co Ltd in 2012. Additional 10000ha was under MOU, never signed a lease for this land.

June 20, 2019, 7:03 a.m.

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May 24, 2016, 4:08 p.m.

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April 15, 2015, 6:49 p.m.

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Nov. 7, 2014, 9:52 a.m.

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May 27, 2013, 2:10 p.m.

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March 19, 2013, 12:35 p.m.

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March 19, 2013, 12:33 p.m.

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March 19, 2013, 12:30 p.m.

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Feb. 15, 2013, 5:01 p.m.

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