Deal #1076

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Coordinates
Latitude
4.6997
Longitude
-71.6846
Facility name
Yaguarito
Target country
Colombia
Contract area
Comment on location
The polygons uploaded refer to the land plots acquired by Aceites Manuelita in the municipality of Orocué, Casanare. They were bought between 2007 and 2008. The complex involves several continuous landhondings that have continuous plantations. Source: The polygons were obtained by comparing official cadastral information and the names of the properties stated in a study done by congressman Wilson Arias (See Source 22 - Table 7). See also (https://verdadabierta.com/piden-lupa-a-tierras-que-explota-aceites-manuelita-en-orocue/)

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
17773.0
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2018] 17773
Comment on land area
The area comprehends the plantations located in Orocué (Casanare). According to an audit for the RSPO certification, the company owns 8342 hectares of land in Meta, distributed in 18 holdings, and 3710 in Orocué, distributed in 7 plots. Additionally, the company receives produce of independent suppliers covering 14000 hectares. The size of 17773 hectares is from an investigative book written by congressman Wilson Arias (Source 22 - Table 7)

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Biofuels, Non-food agricultural commodities
Comment on intention of investment
Since 1987 the Manuelita Group started its expansion in the Colombian Eastern Plains. Initially concentrated in sugarcane, they started to diversify their portfolio. The investment was intended for obtaining crude palm oil and with the time they started with an extraction plant and a refinery. By doing this they could obtain glicerines, oils and biodiesel from palm oil.

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Outright Purchase

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2008] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
The first land acquisition in this area was the Hacienda Yaguarito in San Carlos de Guaroa. Nevertheless they have expanded over time. One of the last land acquisitions was in Orocué, Casanare in 2014, where they bought 16823 hectares of land, according the Las2orillas & Verdad Abierta https://verdadabierta.com/piden-lupa-a-tierras-que-explota-aceites-manuelita-en-orocue/ The data was obtained from the audit for the RSPO and cadastre data from the Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2014] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
Satellite imagery from Google Earth show that by 2014, approximately 4000 hectares of land were cultivated.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Current number of jobs (domestic)
[2018-05-28] 4860
Comment on jobs created (domestic)
The number of current jobs refer to the jobs created in the area of influence of the subsidiary Aceites Manuelita. There were 860 direct jobs created due to the investment and there is an approximate of 4000 indirect jobs. The website of the Manuelita Group says that the company employs 9600 people (direct and indirect) and 5000 of them are in Colombia. Those numbers refers to the whole group and not only to Aceites Manuelita, the subsidiary in charge of the oil palm produce.

Operating company

Comment on investment chain
Aceites Manuelita S.A. is a subsidiary of the Manuelita Group. Inversiones Manuelita S.A. (IMSA) , founded in 1864, is a Colombian agribusiness corporation, headquartered in Palmira, Valle del Cauca, whose main products are refined sugar, ethanol, palm oil, mussels and shrimp. In Colombia, the Grupo Manuelita owns: Ingenio Manuelita S.A., C.I. Oceanos S.A., Aceites Manuelita S.A. It owns other companies in Chile, Peru and Brazil. The presence of Grupo Manuelita in the Eastern Plains of Colombia, or Altillanura, is also due to their share of 59.4% of Palmar de Altamira, located in Orocué, Casanare.

 

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Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2011-01-01
Comment on data source
Federación colombiana de biocombustibles website

Data source #2

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #4

Data source type
Personal information
Includes in-country-verified information
Yes

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2012-01-01

Data source #6

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #8

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File

Data source #9

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File

Data source #10

Data source type
Government sources
File

Data source #11

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #12

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #13

Data source type
Company sources
File
Date
2019-02-08

Data source #14

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Por qué Manuelita es un ejemplo a seguir

Data source #15

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
La tierra aceitada de Manuelita en Casanare

Data source #16

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Comment on data source
Website of an organization. Not clear if it is a foundation or it belongs to the company

Data source #17

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Una mirada al sindicalismo palmero en el Meta

Data source #18

Data source type
Government sources
File
Publication title
Certificación número 765 de 3 de agosto de 2016

Data source #19

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2017
Comment on data source
Report for the RSPO certification

Data source #20

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Comment on data source
Summary report for the audit on RSPO certification

Data source #21

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Manuelita inauguró planta de biodiesel en San Carlos de Guaroa
Comment on data source
Media report by Fedepalma

Data source #22

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Comment on data source
Audit by IBD certificacoes for the RSPO certification

Data source #23

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Date
2019
Comment on data source
Book by congressman Wilson Arias

Names of communities / indigenous peoples affected

Comment on communities / indigenous peoples affected
For the RSPO certification, the company asked the Ministry of the Interior to check whether there were any ethnic group (although in an area specified by the company). The Ministry asserted that in this area of influence there were no minorities or ethnic groups (afrocolombian, indigenous, rom, raizales).

Presence of land conflicts

Presence of land conflicts
Yes
Comment on presence of land conflicts
There are indications of past land conflicts in this area. Accoding to an article of Las2orillas, this area had suffered constantly of paramilitary massacres that displaced several peasants. The same article argues that some of the land acquired by Aceites Manuelita was bought to 2 paramilitary members that wanted to use the land for money laundry purposes.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Housing

Materialized benefits for local communities

Materialized benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Comment on materialized benefits for local communities
Housing

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
State
Private (smallholders)
Private (large-scale farm)
Comment on former land owner
It is argued by the Superintendencia de Notariado y Registro that some of the land acquired by Aceites Manuelita had condition of "Baldío". This means that the land was allocated to landless peasants at some point and afterward the land was bought by Aceites Manuelita. By means of Law 160 of 1994 the accumulation of this land is not allowed, which conceives irregularities by Aceites Manuelita. The law asserts that the accumulation of "Baldíos" is not allowed and the ownership of Baldíos cannot surpass the level of one "Unidad Agrícola Familiar", which was 843 hectares in Orocué

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
[2014] Oil Palm (4393 ha)
Comment on crops
The company (Manuelita Group) exports to more than 50 countries, although it is difficult to discern which subsidiary is exporting what. The investment for obtaining biodiesel is mostly for the domestic market, due to a law that obliged a content of 15% of biodiesel in the vehicular fuel.

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Aceites Manuelita own 2 Mills and a biodiesel refinery in the Eastern Plains of Colombia. The Biodiesel refinery is getting 137000000 Lt/year and the company is obtaining 144000 Tons of Crude Palm Oil per Year
Processing facilities / production infrastructure of the project (e.g. oil mill, ethanol distillery, biomass power plant etc.)
Oil Mill, Biodiesel refinery, Extraction plants.

How much water is extracted?

Use of irrigation infrastructure
Yes

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT)

Application of Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT)
No
Comment on VGGT
It should be stated that there are some concerns on irregular accumulation of previously state land, which is prohibited by Law 160 of 1994 and which attempts to reduce rural poverty by allocating land to landless peasants. Additionally, there are some concerns by labor unions, which argue that the company is promoting the creation of parallel labor unions to weaken the existing ones and transfer their members to their own labor unions. The last ones are supposed to support the interests of the company.

Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investments (PRAI)

Application of Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investments (PRAI)
No
Comment on PRAI
It is following the Globally Reporting Initiative (GRI 4).

Overall comment

Overall comment
Aceites Manuelita seems to follow the standards on the RSPO. Nevertheless there are concerns of irregular land accumulation and pressure to diminish the negotiation power of existing labor unions.

Sept. 14, 2020, 9:29 p.m.

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Feb. 19, 2018, 11:13 p.m.

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Feb. 17, 2016, 1:09 a.m.

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May 2, 2013, 2:32 a.m.

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March 11, 2013, 4:14 a.m.

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Feb. 15, 2013, 5:01 p.m.

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