Deal history comparison #3353

Previous version (145075)

Selected version (145081)

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Exact location
Location
Kwale, Kenya

Latitude
-4.397127694254714
Longitude
39.44013349614261
Target country
Kenya
Comment on location
50km from Mombasa, 10km Inland from the coast.

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Exact location
Location
Kwale, Kenya

Latitude
-4.397127694254714
Longitude
39.44013349614261
Target country
Kenya
Comment on location
50km from Mombasa, 10km Inland from the coast.

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
1661.0
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2010] 1661
Comment on land area
The Special Mining Lease measuring 1,661 hectares is located within the Kwale Exclusive Prospecting License area of 56000ha.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Mining
Comment on intention of investment
Ilmenite, Rutile and Zircon

Nature of the deal

Comment on nature of the deal
Mine life is 13 years. The Special Mining Lease specifies that, on completion of mining, the land will be rehabilitated for the benefit of the community. The Mine Closure Plan is the driver for identifying post-mining land use (small-scale farming, commercial farming, forestry, community wildlife sanctuary, etc.) with affected communities and other stakeholders.

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2010] Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2011] Startup phase (no production)
[2013] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
Discussions with Tana River County Council (2011). Record production achieved in October- December 2015.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
1661.0
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2010] 1661
Comment on land area
The Special Mining Lease measuring 1,661 hectares is located within the Kwale Exclusive Prospecting License area of 56000ha.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Mining
Comment on intention of investment
Ilmenite, Rutile and Zircon

Nature of the deal

Comment on nature of the deal
Mine life is 13 years. The Special Mining Lease specifies that, on completion of mining, the land will be rehabilitated for the benefit of the community. The Mine Closure Plan is the driver for identifying post-mining land use (small-scale farming, commercial farming, forestry, community wildlife sanctuary, etc.) with affected communities and other stakeholders.

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2010] Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2011] Startup phase (no production)
[2013] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
Discussions with Tana River County Council (2011). Record production achieved in October- December 2015.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Contract #1

Contract number
23
Comment on contract
Special Mining Lease No 23 measuring 1,661 hectares is located within the Kwale Prospecting License PL/2018/0119

Contract #1

Contract number
23
Comment on contract
Special Mining Lease No 23 measuring 1,661 hectares is located within the Kwale Prospecting License PL/2018/0119

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Current number of jobs (total)
[2015] 599
[2017] 699
Current number of employees (total)
[2020] 1141
Comment on jobs created (total)
Over 800 people are currently employed (2015) by Base and its contractors. Of these 60% are from Kwale County and 95% are Kenyan. The Project supports an additional 2,600 jobs through indirect (supply chain) and induced (consumer spending) activity. In 2017- 97% of employees are Kenyan and 65% from Kwale County. In 2019, 1,141 people employed by Base Resources at Kwale Operations, 98% are now Kenyan nationals with 70% drawn from Kwale County.

Number of jobs for foreigners created

Jobs created (foreign)
Yes
Current number of jobs (foreign)
[2015] 45

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Current number of jobs (domestic)
[2015] 554

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Current number of jobs (total)
[2015] 599
[2017] 699
Current number of employees (total)
[2020] 1141
Comment on jobs created (total)
Over 800 people are currently employed (2015) by Base and its contractors. Of these 60% are from Kwale County and 95% are Kenyan. The Project supports an additional 2,600 jobs through indirect (supply chain) and induced (consumer spending) activity. In 2017- 97% of employees are Kenyan and 65% from Kwale County. In 2019, 1,141 people employed by Base Resources at Kwale Operations, 98% are now Kenyan nationals with 70% drawn from Kwale County.

Number of jobs for foreigners created

Jobs created (foreign)
Yes
Current number of jobs (foreign)
[2015] 45

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Current number of jobs (domestic)
[2015] 554

Operating company

Operating company
Name of investment project
Kwale Sands Project Minerals
Comment on investment chain
Tiomin Kenya Ltd originally incorporated in Canada, changed ownership many times, since 2010 part of Base Iron

Operating company

Operating company
Name of investment project
Kwale Sands Project Minerals
Comment on investment chain
Tiomin Kenya Ltd originally incorporated in Canada, changed ownership many times, since 2010 part of Base Iron

Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
Australian Shares- BASE RESOURCES LIMITED

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-04-29
Comment on data source
Kwale Mineral Sands project makes significant economic contribution

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
The Kwale Mineral Sands Project shows great potential

Data source #4

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Company website

Data source #5

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Base Resources Annual Report 2012

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-01-20
Comment on data source
Mining Weekly- Kwale delivers record quarter for Base

Data source #7

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Base Titanium’s total economic and tax contributions in Kenya Prepared for Base Titanium March 2015, Prepared by EY.

Data source #8

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Base Resources, Positioning for growth, 2015 Annual Report

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-06-22
Comment on data source
Base Titanium gets nod to expand Kwale mine

Data source #10

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Comment on data source
EJOLT- Titanium Mining in the Kwale District, Kenya

Data source #11

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-02-13
Comment on data source
Base Resources to ship first minerals from Kwale mineral sands project

Data source #12

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2011-04-04
Comment on data source
Tiomin sells Kwale mineral sands project in Kenya

Data source #13

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Base Titanium Ltd (2012) Environment and Social Impact Assessment Summary Report S U M M A R Y R E P O R T

Data source #14

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Annual Report 2017

Data source #15

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
Publication title
Land Grabbing, Tenure Security and Livelihoods in Kenya
Date
2016-07-28

Data source #16

Data source type
Company sources
Publication title
2,019 annual report
Date
2,020
Comment on data source
above 10mb

Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
Australian Shares- BASE RESOURCES LIMITED

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-04-29
Comment on data source
Kwale Mineral Sands project makes significant economic contribution

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
The Kwale Mineral Sands Project shows great potential

Data source #4

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Company website

Data source #5

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Base Resources Annual Report 2012

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-01-20
Comment on data source
Mining Weekly- Kwale delivers record quarter for Base

Data source #7

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Base Titanium’s total economic and tax contributions in Kenya Prepared for Base Titanium March 2015, Prepared by EY.

Data source #8

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Base Resources, Positioning for growth, 2015 Annual Report

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-06-22
Comment on data source
Base Titanium gets nod to expand Kwale mine

Data source #10

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Comment on data source
EJOLT- Titanium Mining in the Kwale District, Kenya

Data source #11

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-02-13
Comment on data source
Base Resources to ship first minerals from Kwale mineral sands project

Data source #12

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2011-04-04
Comment on data source
Tiomin sells Kwale mineral sands project in Kenya

Data source #13

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Base Titanium Ltd (2012) Environment and Social Impact Assessment Summary Report S U M M A R Y R E P O R T

Data source #14

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Annual Report 2017

Data source #15

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
Publication title
Land Grabbing, Tenure Security and Livelihoods in Kenya
Date
2016-07-28

Data source #16

Data source type
Company sources
Publication title
2,019 annual report
Date
2,020
Comment on data source
above 10mb

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation
Comment on consultation of local community
Claims that consultation was not transparent and not adequate.

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Consent

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Number of people actually displaced
5,000
Number of households actually displaced
486
Comment on displacement of people
The displacement of 5,000 indigenous Digo and Kamba people. According to the company records, affected households included 381 in the Special Mining Lease, 112 associated with the Mukurumudzi Dam and 86 in the access road and water pipeline routes. Of these a total of 486 were physically relocated

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Cultural loss
Eviction
Displacement
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
Grave sites and spiritual areas have been destroyed.

Promised or received compensation

Received compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
According to the company websites, compensation was paid for land, agricultural crops, forest trees, structures and graves. Additionally, requirements for livelihood replacement strategies and replacement land were provided.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Roads
Capacity Building
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Base contributes to the Kenyan community through its Community Development Management Plan (“CDMP”), which was formed in collaboration with local communities. By the end of financial year 2014/15 the company had invested over US$ 5 million in the local community. For more information on the community development see EY report: Base Titanium's total economic and tax contributions in Kenya, March 2015.

Materialized benefits for local communities

Materialized benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Other
Comment on materialized benefits for local communities
All commitments under the mining lease, including 2 schools, a dispensary, a social hall and 2 boreholes at the Mrima Bwiti Host Resettlement Site and 2 schools, a borehole and health centre at Magaoni have been completed.

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation
Comment on consultation of local community
Claims that consultation was not transparent and not adequate.

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Consent

Displacement of people

Displacement of people
Yes
Number of people actually displaced
5,000
Number of households actually displaced
486
Comment on displacement of people
The displacement of 5,000 indigenous Digo and Kamba people. According to the company records, affected households included 381 in the Special Mining Lease, 112 associated with the Mukurumudzi Dam and 86 in the access road and water pipeline routes. Of these a total of 486 were physically relocated

Negative impacts for local communities

Negative impacts for local communities
Cultural loss
Eviction
Displacement
Comment on negative impacts for local communities
Grave sites and spiritual areas have been destroyed.

Promised or received compensation

Received compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
According to the company websites, compensation was paid for land, agricultural crops, forest trees, structures and graves. Additionally, requirements for livelihood replacement strategies and replacement land were provided.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Roads
Capacity Building
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Base contributes to the Kenyan community through its Community Development Management Plan (“CDMP”), which was formed in collaboration with local communities. By the end of financial year 2014/15 the company had invested over US$ 5 million in the local community. For more information on the community development see EY report: Base Titanium's total economic and tax contributions in Kenya, March 2015.

Materialized benefits for local communities

Materialized benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Other
Comment on materialized benefits for local communities
All commitments under the mining lease, including 2 schools, a dispensary, a social hall and 2 boreholes at the Mrima Bwiti Host Resettlement Site and 2 schools, a borehole and health centre at Magaoni have been completed.

Former land use

Former land use
Other
Comment on former land use
Winning of titanium from sand dunes

Former land use

Former land use
Other
Comment on former land use
Winning of titanium from sand dunes

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Resources area
Ilmenite, Titanium

Use of produce

Has export
Yes
Export
100
Country 1
China
Comment on use of produce
Reaches habour via 50km road. The company also has storage facilities at the habour.

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Mineral separation plant

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Resources area
Ilmenite, Titanium

Use of produce

Has export
Yes
Export
100
Country 1
China
Comment on use of produce
Reaches habour via 50km road. The company also has storage facilities at the habour.

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Mineral separation plant

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Groundwater
Surface water (River)
Comment on source of water extraction
Local aquifer and Mukurumudzi River.

How much water is extracted?

Comment on how much water is extracted
Base Titanium constructed and commissioned an 8.5 million cubic metre capacity water storage dam on the Mukurumudzi River. This supply is augmented with a bore field comprising 6 bore holes capable of supplying 9,500 cubic metres per day.

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Groundwater
Surface water (River)
Comment on source of water extraction
Local aquifer and Mukurumudzi River.

How much water is extracted?

Comment on how much water is extracted
Base Titanium constructed and commissioned an 8.5 million cubic metre capacity water storage dam on the Mukurumudzi River. This supply is augmented with a bore field comprising 6 bore holes capable of supplying 9,500 cubic metres per day.

Overall comment

Overall comment
The project enjoys support from the local government.

Overall comment

Overall comment
The project enjoys support from the local government.