Deal history comparison #3075

Previous version (140562)

Selected version (143767)

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Edo, Nigeria

Target country
Nigeria

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Delta, Nigeria

Target country
Nigeria

Location #3

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Iludun, Nigeria

Target country
Nigeria
Comment on location
Ogun State

Location #4

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Araromi Obu, Nigeria

Target country
Nigeria
Comment on location
Ondo state

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Edo, Nigeria

Target country
Nigeria
Location description
Urhonigbe Rubber Plantation
Comment on location
Orhionmwon Local Government Area of Edo State

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Delta, Nigeria

Target country
Nigeria

Location #3

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Iludun, Nigeria

Target country
Nigeria
Comment on location
Ogun State

Location #4

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Araromi Obu, Nigeria

Target country
Nigeria
Comment on location
Ondo state

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
12,000
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2006] 12000
Comment on land area
Divided over 4 plantations (in four different states). 3,500 hectares of lies within the Iguobazuwa Forest Reserve. The land area may have increased, to include Edo State Rubber estate and an additional 4000 hectares, as per farmland grab article dated 20/01/2015, where Abdul Oroh states that he handed over the rubber estate in January 2015. One report states the size under contract is 14000ha.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Non-food agricultural commodities

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2006] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
Previously the only investor was Michelin (the primary investor was Michelin Development Company). Michelin ceded the plantations to SIPH (International Society of plantations Rubber trees-- part of SIFCA) in exchange for shares in 2006. It is not clear when Michelin originally leased the land.

Implementation status

Implementation status
In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
It is not clear when Michelin originally brought the plantation into production.

Contract farming

Contract farming
Yes
Not on leased / purchased area (out-grower)
Yes
Not on leased / purchased area (out-grower, in ha)
2,300
Not on leased / purchased farmers (out-grower)
880
Comment on contract farming
2,300 hectares of land were planted from 2006 to 2011. Agence Francaise Development (AFD) is assisting in financing the program.

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
12000.0
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2006] 12000
Comment on land area
Divided over 4 plantations (in four different states). 3,500 hectares of lies within the Iguobazuwa Forest Reserve. The land area may have increased, to include Edo State Rubber estate and an additional 4000 hectares, as per farmland grab article dated 20/01/2015, where Abdul Oroh states that he handed over the rubber estate in January 2015. One report states the size under contract is 14000ha. Expect to plant 2300ha at the Urhonigbe Rubber Plantation.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Non-food agricultural commodities

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2006] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
Previously the only investor was Michelin (the primary investor was Michelin Development Company). Michelin ceded the plantations to SIPH (International Society of plantations Rubber trees-- part of SIFCA) in exchange for shares in 2006. It is not clear when Michelin originally leased the land.

Implementation status

Implementation status
In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
It is not clear when Michelin originally brought the plantation into production.

Contract farming

Contract farming
Yes
Not on leased / purchased area (out-grower)
Yes
Not on leased / purchased area (out-grower, in ha)
2,300
Not on leased / purchased farmers (out-grower)
880
Comment on contract farming
2,300 hectares of land were planted from 2006 to 2011. Agence Francaise Development (AFD) is assisting in financing the program.

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Planned employees (total)
1,550
Planned daily/seasonal workers (total)
110
Current number of jobs (total)
[2010] 1660
Comment on jobs created (total)
It is not clear how many jobs were created for foreigners and how many for locals.

Number of total jobs created

Jobs created (total)
Yes
Planned employees (total)
1,550
Planned daily/seasonal workers (total)
110
Current number of jobs (total)
[2010] 1660
Comment on jobs created (total)
It is not clear how many jobs were created for foreigners and how many for locals.

Operating company

Comment on investment chain
SIFCA / Michelin through its subsidiary SIPH in which SIFCA holds 55.6% of the shares and Michelin 20%.

Operating company

Comment on investment chain
SIFCA / Michelin through its subsidiary SIPH in which SIFCA holds 55.6% of the shares and Michelin 20%.

Data source #1

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Michelin Website

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-06-05
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- Foncier : Plus de 120 000 hectares à l'international pour Tereos, Bonduelle et Michelin

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2009-03-30
Comment on data source
World Rain forest Movement- Nigeria: Michelin’s rubber plantations destroyed women’s livelihoods

Data source #4

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Rubber Estates Nigeria Limited website

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-05-07
Comment on data source
World Rain forest Movement-Nigeria: Stop Corporate Land Bazaar in Edo State!

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-01-20
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- Edo’s goal to become Nigeria's food basket

Data source #7

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Les entreprises françaises impliquées dans l’acquisition et la gestion de grands domaines agricoles et plantations à l’international. Yves Roger-Machart

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-06-17
Comment on data source
The Sun -- Delta community shuts rubber company over neglect

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2012-11-06
Comment on data source
National Mirror -- Rubber exploration can boost Nigeria’s economy

Data source #1

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Michelin Website

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-06-05
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- Foncier : Plus de 120 000 hectares à l'international pour Tereos, Bonduelle et Michelin

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2009-03-30
Comment on data source
World Rain forest Movement- Nigeria: Michelin’s rubber plantations destroyed women’s livelihoods

Data source #4

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Rubber Estates Nigeria Limited website

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-05-07
Comment on data source
World Rain forest Movement-Nigeria: Stop Corporate Land Bazaar in Edo State!

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-01-20
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- Edo’s goal to become Nigeria's food basket

Data source #7

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Les entreprises françaises impliquées dans l’acquisition et la gestion de grands domaines agricoles et plantations à l’international. Yves Roger-Machart

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-06-17
Comment on data source
The Sun -- Delta community shuts rubber company over neglect

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2012-11-06
Comment on data source
National Mirror -- Rubber exploration can boost Nigeria’s economy

Data source #10

Data source type
Media report
File
Publication title
Obaseki’s agric reforms: Urhonigbe Rubber Estate comes alive with N5bn investment, to cover 2300 hectares
Date
2019-12-29

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
World Rainforest Movement claims that forceful evictions occurred by the RENL. Community protesters, which included chiefs, elders, women and youths threatened to shut the rubber company if the management failed to address the issues raised over the years.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
No compensation

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Michelin donated 18 hectares in 2008 in order to build the village of Nova Igrapiuna, which includes schools, green spaces, modern water treatment plants

Materialized benefits for local communities

Materialized benefits for local communities
Other
Comment on materialized benefits for local communities
Michelin donated 18 hectares in 2008 in order to build the village of Nova Igrapiuna, which includes schools, green spaces, modern water treatment plants

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
World Rainforest Movement claims that forceful evictions occurred by the RENL. Community protesters, which included chiefs, elders, women and youths threatened to shut the rubber company if the management failed to address the issues raised over the years.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
No compensation

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Michelin donated 18 hectares in 2008 in order to build the village of Nova Igrapiuna, which includes schools, green spaces, modern water treatment plants

Materialized benefits for local communities

Materialized benefits for local communities
Other
Comment on materialized benefits for local communities
Michelin donated 18 hectares in 2008 in order to build the village of Nova Igrapiuna, which includes schools, green spaces, modern water treatment plants

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Community

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture
Forestry
Conservation

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland
Forest land
Marginal land

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Community

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture
Forestry
Conservation

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland
Forest land
Marginal land

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Rubber tree

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Company owns a natural rubber processing factory in Nigeria

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Rubber tree

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Company owns a natural rubber processing factory in Nigeria

Any gender-specific information about the investment and its impacts

Comment on gender-related info
Women used to use the land for cultivation of crops. Now women have become farm labourers in other farms in nearby forests or villages; while others have been rendered jobless, and hungry.The disappearance of the forests has caused that now women must go far away to get herbs to treat some ailments. They want their lands back, their trees planted again and also to be fully compensated for the destroyed crops.

Any gender-specific information about the investment and its impacts

Comment on gender-related info
Women used to use the land for cultivation of crops. Now women have become farm labourers in other farms in nearby forests or villages; while others have been rendered jobless, and hungry.The disappearance of the forests has caused that now women must go far away to get herbs to treat some ailments. They want their lands back, their trees planted again and also to be fully compensated for the destroyed crops.