Deal history comparison #1205

Previous version (141174)

Selected version (142184)

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Coordinates
Location
Gambella, Ethiopia

Latitude
9.038376096159567
Longitude
37.07418200298893
Target country
Ethiopia
Contract area
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Comment on location
Jikao and Itang districts, Coordinates and map of contract area in ilc research paper. Annex 5

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Coordinates
Location
Gambella, Ethiopia

Latitude
9.038376096159567
Longitude
37.07418200298893
Target country
Ethiopia
Contract area
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Comment on location
Jikao and Itang districts, Coordinates and map of contract area in ilc research paper. Annex 5

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
300,000
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2010] 100000
[2015] 1200
[2019, current] 15000
Size in operation (production, in ha)
1000
[2012] 4000
[2015] 1200
Comment on land area
The company acquired 300 000 hectares in 2008 from the Gambela Regional government on a 99 year lease. in 2009 the federal government took responsibility for the land deal and the size under agreement was reduced to 100 000 hectares in 2010 on a 50 year term. Initially, Karuturi received 300,000 hectares of land in the region; 200,000 hectares of land was returned after the amount was deemed very excessive and beyond the company’s capacity for development. 100,000ha initially, further 200,000ha after first tranche is under production, provided that it was by 2012. 42.088ha in Itang and 57,912ha in Jikao. The first crop was destroyed by floods in 2011. The land under contract was reduced from 100 000ha to 1200ha in 2015. After legal proceedings, the company was granted 15 000 ha in 2019.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Biofuels, Food crops, Agriculture unspecified, Renewable Energy

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2010] Concluded (Contract signed)
[2016] Failed (Contract cancelled)
[2019, current] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
The head of AISD, Mr. Esayas Kebede told OI that the amount of land was not 300,000 ha, but was in fact 100,000 ha, was for 30 years, and was for 111birr/ha (USD 7/ha). Initially, Karuturi received 300,000 hectares of land in the region; 200,000 hectares of land was returned after the amount was deemed very excessive and beyond the company’s capacity for development. Maps publicly on display inside the office showed that the land given was 100,136 ha. The full 100 000 hectares was due to be cultivated within two years from the date the contract was signed. In January the company claimed that it would cultivate only 60 000hectares. Reduction of land from 100 000ha to 1200ha from the 15:12:2015. This came in terms of the contract where the company was not able to bring the land under production. The government had given the company two written warnings that the land would be taken away unless brought into production. The company is challenging the government regarding the reduction in land size. Karuturi has obtained a court order protecting the lease and is prepared to seek international arbitration on the matter. T-TPLF cancelled the contract in 2016 and the company is now seeking compensation. After lengthy legal proceedings, the company signed a new lease for 15000ha in 2019.

Implementation status

Implementation status
In operation (production)
[2019, current] Startup phase (no production)
Comment on implementation status
Karuturi is being investigated for illegal activities, including corruption, environmental destruction and failure to uphold the terms of their contracts. Local sources have said that Karuturi's farming operations in Gambela have shut down, and that the company has removed its tractors and other farm machinery from the farm. The Ethiopian Investment Agency intends to revoke the investment permit granted to Karuturi because the company has not proceeded with the investment project within the agreed time frames. The company owes the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia (CBE) 65 million birr from its overdraft facility. Initally the bank issued a foreclosure notice, however the company is now settling the minimum 25 percent of the debt. Company continues production on the 1200ha.

Leasing fees

Annual leasing fee
20
Annual leasing fee currency
Ethiopian Birr
Annual leasing fee type
per ha

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
300000.0
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2010] 100000
[2015] 1200
[2019, current] 15000
Size in operation (production, in ha)
1000
[2012] 4000
[2015] 1200
Comment on land area
The company acquired 300 000 hectares in 2008 from the Gambela Regional government on a 99 year lease. in 2009 the federal government took responsibility for the land deal and the size under agreement was reduced to 100 000 hectares in 2010 on a 50 year term. Initially, Karuturi received 300,000 hectares of land in the region; 200,000 hectares of land was returned after the amount was deemed very excessive and beyond the company’s capacity for development. 100,000ha initially, further 200,000ha after first tranche is under production, provided that it was by 2012. 42.088ha in Itang and 57,912ha in Jikao. The first crop was destroyed by floods in 2011. The land under contract was reduced from 100 000ha to 1200ha in 2015. After legal proceedings, the company was granted 15 000 ha in 2019.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Biofuels, Food crops, Agriculture unspecified, Renewable Energy

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2010] Concluded (Contract signed)
[2016] Failed (Contract cancelled)
[2019, current] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
The head of AISD, Mr. Esayas Kebede told OI that the amount of land was not 300,000 ha, but was in fact 100,000 ha, was for 30 years, and was for 111birr/ha (USD 7/ha). Initially, Karuturi received 300,000 hectares of land in the region; 200,000 hectares of land was returned after the amount was deemed very excessive and beyond the company’s capacity for development. Maps publicly on display inside the office showed that the land given was 100,136 ha. The full 100 000 hectares was due to be cultivated within two years from the date the contract was signed. In January the company claimed that it would cultivate only 60 000hectares. Reduction of land from 100 000ha to 1200ha from the 15:12:2015. This came in terms of the contract where the company was not able to bring the land under production. The government had given the company two written warnings that the land would be taken away unless brought into production. The company is challenging the government regarding the reduction in land size. Karuturi has obtained a court order protecting the lease and is prepared to seek international arbitration on the matter. T-TPLF cancelled the contract in 2016 and the company is now seeking compensation. After lengthy legal proceedings, the company signed a new lease for 15000ha in 2019. Parent company initiated liquidation proceedings in August 2019.

Implementation status

Implementation status
In operation (production)
[2019, current] Startup phase (no production)
Comment on implementation status
Karuturi is being investigated for illegal activities, including corruption, environmental destruction and failure to uphold the terms of their contracts. Local sources have said that Karuturi's farming operations in Gambela have shut down, and that the company has removed its tractors and other farm machinery from the farm. The Ethiopian Investment Agency intends to revoke the investment permit granted to Karuturi because the company has not proceeded with the investment project within the agreed time frames. The company owes the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia (CBE) 65 million birr from its overdraft facility. Initally the bank issued a foreclosure notice, however the company is now settling the minimum 25 percent of the debt. Company continues production on the 1200ha. Parent company initiated liquidation proceedings in August 2019.

Leasing fees

Annual leasing fee
20
Annual leasing fee currency
Ethiopian Birr
Annual leasing fee type
per ha

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Contract #1

Contract date
2010-10-25
Duration of the agreement (in years)
50

Contract #1

Contract date
2010-10-25
Duration of the agreement (in years)
50

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Planned number of jobs (domestic)
30,000
Comment on jobs created (domestic)
The company stated that the project will create 20,000 to 30,000 jobs. In March 2013,92 Ethiopian workers at Karuturi's Gambela site filed a complaint with the Department of Labour and Social Welfare claiming that their salaries were delayed by up to 20 days and that the company did not provide identity cards, safety equipment, medical treatment or proper residence. The department found workers living in cramped metal shacks without proper ventilation. Karuturi gave jobs to local community members and also to highlanders. Highlanders earn 3,000 birr per month (approximately $149). The locals—the Karuturi staff call the locals “non-people”—earn 1,000 birr per month (approximately $50).

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Planned number of jobs (domestic)
30,000
Comment on jobs created (domestic)
The company stated that the project will create 20,000 to 30,000 jobs. In March 2013,92 Ethiopian workers at Karuturi's Gambela site filed a complaint with the Department of Labour and Social Welfare claiming that their salaries were delayed by up to 20 days and that the company did not provide identity cards, safety equipment, medical treatment or proper residence. The department found workers living in cramped metal shacks without proper ventilation. Karuturi gave jobs to local community members and also to highlanders. Highlanders earn 3,000 birr per month (approximately $149). The locals—the Karuturi staff call the locals “non-people”—earn 1,000 birr per month (approximately $50).

Operating company

Operating company

Data source #1

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2011-01-01
Comment on data source
A case study of the Bechera agricultural development project, Ethiopia; Coordinates and map of contract area in ilc research paper. Annex. 5

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-02-13
Comment on data source
Karuturi going down? A summary of recent developments

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
The Oakland Institute- WE SAY THE LAND IS NOT YOURS BREAKING THE SILENCE AGAINST FORCED DISPLACEMENT IN ETHIOPIA, April 2015.

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-09-17
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Ethiopians say Indians grabbing land, Indian farmers claim it is official

Data source #5

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Oakland Institute: Country report Ethiopia

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-06-07
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grabs- Foreclosure notice forces Karuturi to pay off 25 percent debt

Data source #7

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
The global farmland grab in 2016: how big, how bad?

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-02-07
Comment on data source
The Guardian- Indian investors are forcing Ethiopians off their land

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-10-28
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- Karuturi Tractors make big splash on Bole road

Data source #10

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2017-09-21
Comment on data source
Karuturi Demands Compensation From Ethiopia for Failed Land Deal

Data source #11

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Food security and large-scale land acquisitions: The cases of Tanzania and Ethiopia, Jennifer Dye, March 2014.

Data source #12

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Comment on data source
The Economic Times Markets-- Karuturi Global Ltd.-- financial and company information.

Data source #13

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Ecofys- Land Grabs for Biofuels driven by EU biofuels policies, Carlo Hamelinck, 2013

Data source #14

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-01-04
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Government agency strips Karuturi’s land privilege

Data source #15

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-01-01
Comment on data source
The Ethiopia Macroeconomic Handbook by Access Capitals

Data source #16

Data source type
Contract
File
Open Contracting ID
ocds-591adf-3081785170
Comment on data source
Karuturi Agreement

Data source #17

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Unjust Enrichment: How the IFC Profits from Land Grabbing in Africa. Outsourcing Development: Lifting the Veil on the World Bank Group’s Lending Through Financial Intermediaries. April 2017.

Data source #18

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Institute of Developing Economies- Karuturi Global Limited.

Data source #19

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2017-09-30
Comment on data source
The Reporter- Karuturi contemplates legal recourse for loss in Ethiopia

Data source #20

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-04-22
Comment on data source
The Weekend leader- Roses for the world: An Indian success story in Ethiopia

Data source #21

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
Bloomberg Business week- Ethiopian Meadows PLC

Data source #22

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-02-22
Comment on data source
Ethiopian Review-- Bye, Bye Karuturistan, Ethiopia!

Data source #23

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-01-17
Comment on data source
The Reporter -- Karuturi under the spotlight

Data source #24

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-06-03
Comment on data source
CNN- The African country helping India feed 1.2 billion people

Data source #25

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-01-11
Comment on data source
Bloomberg Business- Karuturi Challenges Ethiopia Decision to Cancel Farm Project

Data source #26

Data source type
Company sources
File
Date
2015-01-21
Comment on data source
Letter to reporter

Data source #27

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2018-06-06
Comment on data source
Grain- Failed farmland deals: a growing legacy of disaster and pain

Data source #28

Data source type
Company sources
File
Publication title
Karuturi Global Limited Ethiopia Business Update
Date
2019-04-22

Data source #1

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2011-01-01
Comment on data source
A case study of the Bechera agricultural development project, Ethiopia; Coordinates and map of contract area in ilc research paper. Annex. 5

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-02-13
Comment on data source
Karuturi going down? A summary of recent developments

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
The Oakland Institute- WE SAY THE LAND IS NOT YOURS BREAKING THE SILENCE AGAINST FORCED DISPLACEMENT IN ETHIOPIA, April 2015.

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-09-17
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Ethiopians say Indians grabbing land, Indian farmers claim it is official

Data source #5

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Oakland Institute: Country report Ethiopia

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-06-07
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grabs- Foreclosure notice forces Karuturi to pay off 25 percent debt

Data source #7

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
The global farmland grab in 2016: how big, how bad?

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-02-07
Comment on data source
The Guardian- Indian investors are forcing Ethiopians off their land

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-10-28
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- Karuturi Tractors make big splash on Bole road

Data source #10

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2017-09-21
Comment on data source
Karuturi Demands Compensation From Ethiopia for Failed Land Deal

Data source #11

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Food security and large-scale land acquisitions: The cases of Tanzania and Ethiopia, Jennifer Dye, March 2014.

Data source #12

Data source type
Other (Please specify in comment field)
File
Comment on data source
The Economic Times Markets-- Karuturi Global Ltd.-- financial and company information.

Data source #13

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Ecofys- Land Grabs for Biofuels driven by EU biofuels policies, Carlo Hamelinck, 2013

Data source #14

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-01-04
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Government agency strips Karuturi’s land privilege

Data source #15

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-01-01
Comment on data source
The Ethiopia Macroeconomic Handbook by Access Capitals

Data source #16

Data source type
Contract
File
Open Contracting ID
ocds-591adf-3081785170
Comment on data source
Karuturi Agreement

Data source #17

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Unjust Enrichment: How the IFC Profits from Land Grabbing in Africa. Outsourcing Development: Lifting the Veil on the World Bank Group’s Lending Through Financial Intermediaries. April 2017.

Data source #18

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Institute of Developing Economies- Karuturi Global Limited.

Data source #19

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2017-09-30
Comment on data source
The Reporter- Karuturi contemplates legal recourse for loss in Ethiopia

Data source #20

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-04-22
Comment on data source
The Weekend leader- Roses for the world: An Indian success story in Ethiopia

Data source #21

Data source type
Media report
File
Comment on data source
Bloomberg Business week- Ethiopian Meadows PLC

Data source #22

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-02-22
Comment on data source
Ethiopian Review-- Bye, Bye Karuturistan, Ethiopia!

Data source #23

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-01-17
Comment on data source
The Reporter -- Karuturi under the spotlight

Data source #24

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-06-03
Comment on data source
CNN- The African country helping India feed 1.2 billion people

Data source #25

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-01-11
Comment on data source
Bloomberg Business- Karuturi Challenges Ethiopia Decision to Cancel Farm Project

Data source #26

Data source type
Company sources
File
Date
2015-01-21
Comment on data source
Letter to reporter

Data source #27

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2018-06-06
Comment on data source
Grain- Failed farmland deals: a growing legacy of disaster and pain

Data source #28

Data source type
Company sources
File
Publication title
Karuturi Global Limited Ethiopia Business Update
Date
2019-04-22

Data source #29

Data source type
Company sources
File
Publication title
Intimation of initiation of Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process (CIRP) and appointment of Interim Resolution Professional (RFP)
Date
2019-08-12

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted
Comment on consultation of local community
The community was only consulted after the land had been given to the investors. Regional authorities came to tell community members that they must give in.

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
The community rejected the investor and the fact that the regional government gave their land away.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
There are reports that the resettlement program involved coercion and abuse and that no compensation was paid to the communities.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Karuturi Global has pledged to provide basic infrastructure, like schools, hospitals, daycares, and improved water access on its project site, but these pledges have yet to materialize and are not enforceable from the contract agreement

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted
Comment on consultation of local community
The community was only consulted after the land had been given to the investors. Regional authorities came to tell community members that they must give in.

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
The community rejected the investor and the fact that the regional government gave their land away.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
There are reports that the resettlement program involved coercion and abuse and that no compensation was paid to the communities.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Karuturi Global has pledged to provide basic infrastructure, like schools, hospitals, daycares, and improved water access on its project site, but these pledges have yet to materialize and are not enforceable from the contract agreement

Former land cover

Former land cover
Forest land
Comment on former land cover
Reports that the company has cleared forest land without an environmental impact assessment

Former land cover

Former land cover
Forest land
Comment on former land cover
Reports that the company has cleared forest land without an environmental impact assessment

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Corn (Maize), Oil Palm, Rice, Sugar Cane

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes
Country 1
Djibouti
Country 2
Kenya
Comment on use of produce
All East and South Africa is targeted, yet DJI and KEN are the only countries mentioned explicitly. The Ethiopian Agriculture Minister said the trade balance, which was hugely skewed towards India , would tilt in Ethiopia's favour once the projects materialise. Maize is sold to the local market. The produce has not been exported to date-- used on the local market.

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
No

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Corn (Maize), Oil Palm, Rice, Sugar Cane

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes
Country 1
Djibouti
Country 2
Kenya
Comment on use of produce
All East and South Africa is targeted, yet DJI and KEN are the only countries mentioned explicitly. The Ethiopian Agriculture Minister said the trade balance, which was hugely skewed towards India , would tilt in Ethiopia's favour once the projects materialise. Maize is sold to the local market. The produce has not been exported to date-- used on the local market.

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
No

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Groundwater
Surface water ()
Comment on source of water extraction
There are concerns over the drainage of wetland areas

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Groundwater
Surface water ()
Comment on source of water extraction
There are concerns over the drainage of wetland areas

Overall comment

Overall comment
Reduction of land from 100 000ha to 1200ha from the 15:12:2015. This came in terms of the contract where the company was not able to bring the land under production. The government had given the company two written warnings that the land would be taken away unless brought into production. Karuturi claims that the arable land it has received is not suitable for investment or needs more initial investment to become productive. The company is challenging the government regarding the reduction in land size. Karuturi has obtained a court order protecting the lease and is prepared to seek international arbitration on the matter.

Overall comment

Overall comment
Reduction of land from 100 000ha to 1200ha from the 15:12:2015. This came in terms of the contract where the company was not able to bring the land under production. The government had given the company two written warnings that the land would be taken away unless brought into production. Karuturi claims that the arable land it has received is not suitable for investment or needs more initial investment to become productive. The company is challenging the government regarding the reduction in land size. Karuturi has obtained a court order protecting the lease and is prepared to seek international arbitration on the matter.