Deal history comparison #802

Previous version (132058)

Selected version (137702)

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
El Peñón, El Peñón, Bolivar, Colombia

Target country
Colombia
Comment on location
BOLÍVAR, EL PEÑÓN Coordinates: 8.97528850007, -73.9517211914

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
El Peñón, El Peñón, Bolivar, Colombia

Target country
Colombia
Comment on location
BOLÍVAR, EL PEÑÓN Coordinates: 8.97528850007, -73.9517211914

Land area

Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2007] 1717

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Biofuels

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Outright Purchase
Comment on nature of the deal
In 2007, Aportes San Isidro S. A. and C. I. Tequendama acquired the land (3000 hectares) from Jesús Emilio Escobar Fernández (Pablo Escobar uncle)

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2007] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
The land has been occuped by the consortium to plant oil palm but it is still in litigation with the expulsed peasants, with juridical and judicial proceeginds. In April 2011, ASOCAB community intented an action of return, with support in colombian civil society, but they are claiming the land since 2006

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2007] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
The land has been occuped by the consortium to plant oil palm but it is still in litigation with the expulsed peasants, with juridical and judicial proceeginds. In April 2011, ASOCAB community intented an action of return, with support in colombian civil society.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Land area

Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2007] 1717
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2007] 1717

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Biofuels

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Outright Purchase
Comment on nature of the deal
In 2007, Aportes San Isidro S. A. and C. I. Tequendama acquired the land (3000 hectares) from Jesús Emilio Escobar Fernández (Pablo Escobar uncle)

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2007] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
The land has been occuped by the consortium to plant oil palm but it is still in litigation with the expulsed peasants, with juridical and judicial proceeginds. In April 2011, ASOCAB community intented an action of return, with support in colombian civil society, but they are claiming the land since 2006

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2007] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
The land has been occuped by the consortium to plant oil palm but it is still in litigation with the expulsed peasants, with juridical and judicial proceeginds. In April 2011, ASOCAB community intented an action of return, with support in colombian civil society.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Operating company

Operating company
Name of investment project
Finca Las Pavas
Comment on investment chain
The two enterprises forming El Labrador are part of the agroindustrial Company Daabon, active in oil palm, banana and coffee. The group is property of the family Daabon, part of the economical and political traditional elite of the Magadalena department. The group benefited from a strong central political support in favor of oil palm expansion.

Operating company

Operating company
Name of investment project
Finca Las Pavas
Comment on investment chain
The two enterprises forming El Labrador are part of the agroindustrial Company Daabon, active in oil palm, banana and coffee. The group is property of the family Daabon, part of the economical and political traditional elite of the Magadalena department. The group benefited from a strong central political support in favor of oil palm expansion.

Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2009-01-01
Comment on data source
"Colombia: Forced eviction in Las Pavas leaves 120 families displaced", FIAN International, Friends of the Earth International and La Via Campesina, Publication date: 28-07-2009

Data source #2

Data source type
Personal information
Includes in-country-verified information
Yes

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2011-01-01

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2009-01-01

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-01-01

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-09-30

Data source #7

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #9

Data source type
Company sources
File

Data source #10

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2009-01-01
Comment on data source
"Colombia: Forced eviction in Las Pavas leaves 120 families displaced", FIAN International, Friends of the Earth International and La Via Campesina, Publication date: 28-07-2009

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #3

Data source type
Personal information
Includes in-country-verified information
Yes

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2011-01-01

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2009-01-01

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2010-01-01

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-09-30

Data source #8

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File

Data source #10

Data source type
Company sources
File

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted
Comment on consultation of local community
The people were evicted from the land

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
In 2007, Aportes San Isidro S. A. and C. I. Tequendama acquired the land (3000 hectares) from Jesús Emilio Escobar Fernández (Pablo Escobar uncle). But This acquisition process was irregular, because the land was being claimed for peasants from Asociación de Campesinos de Buenos Aires (Asobac), they were evicted from the land. In 2011 the Constitutional Court declared the evicted as illegal and irregular. the peasants were occupying 1235 hectares. The Colombian law declares prohibited evicted people from land in claimed process.

Displacement of people

Number of people actually displaced
600
Comment on displacement of people
120 families

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted
Comment on consultation of local community
The people were evicted from the land

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
In 2007, Aportes San Isidro S. A. and C. I. Tequendama acquired the land (3000 hectares) from Jesús Emilio Escobar Fernández (Pablo Escobar uncle). But This acquisition process was irregular, because the land was being claimed for peasants from Asociación de Campesinos de Buenos Aires (Asobac), they were evicted from the land. In 2011 the Constitutional Court declared the evicted as illegal and irregular. the peasants were occupying 1235 hectares. The Colombian law declares prohibited evicted people from land in claimed process.

Displacement of people

Number of people actually displaced
600
Comment on displacement of people
120 families

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (smallholders)

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
Private (smallholders)

Former land use

Former land use
Smallholder agriculture

Former land cover

Former land cover
Cropland

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Oil Palm

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Agrofuel production

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Oil Palm

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Agrofuel production

Overall comment

Overall comment
Import of error check - Reviewer's overview comment: This case is both complex and simple. It is complex as a lot of agrarian conflicts in Latin America in which various actors develop and confront diverse strategies of appropriation, legal, informal or illegal. It is simple because it can bee seen as a typical case of agroindustrial and financial pressures (with strong political support) on peasantry to accede to land and to benefit from an economic manna (here the oil palm for agrifuel). The fight of ASOCAB peasants to recover their land have became a national and an international cause, and a lot of informations were produced about it. One of the most important issue for peasants' cause is the juridical procedures of formal recognition of their land rights by national land administration, which has been lasting since 2007. September 2013. The land still in the company hands, the peasants haven't recovered the land yet.

Overall comment

Overall comment
Import of error check - Reviewer's overview comment: This case is both complex and simple. It is complex as a lot of agrarian conflicts in Latin America in which various actors develop and confront diverse strategies of appropriation, legal, informal or illegal. It is simple because it can bee seen as a typical case of agroindustrial and financial pressures (with strong political support) on peasantry to accede to land and to benefit from an economic manna (here the oil palm for agrifuel). The fight of ASOCAB peasants to recover their land have became a national and an international cause, and a lot of informations were produced about it. One of the most important issue for peasants' cause is the juridical procedures of formal recognition of their land rights by national land administration, which has been lasting since 2007. September 2013. The land still in the company hands, the peasants haven't recovered the land yet.