Deal history comparison #1151

Previous version (134280)

Selected version (134340)

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Dibombari, Cameroon

Target country
Cameroon
Comment on location
Mbambou as an additional location

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Mbongo, Cameroon

Target country
Cameroon
Comment on location
Edea as additional location

Location #3

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Kribi, Cameroon

Target country
Cameroon

Location #4

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Eseka, Cameroon

Target country
Cameroon

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Dibombari, Cameroon

Target country
Cameroon
Comment on location
Mbambou as an additional location

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Mbongo, Cameroon

Target country
Cameroon
Comment on location
Edea as additional location

Location #3

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Kribi, Cameroon

Target country
Cameroon

Location #4

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Eseka, Cameroon

Target country
Cameroon

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
63,763
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2005] 63763
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2014] 37001
Comment on land area
40% of planted area by smallholders on the estate. Cameroons largest producer of palm oil. Another report states 58000 hectares under contract, while a farmland grab article states 56000ha. 37,001 hectares of plantations in 2014: 35,037 ha of oil palm and 1,964 hectares of rubber. Socfin 2014 report states 59 563 ha under contract, with area planted being 33 044ha. 6 sites. Original leasehold states 20 000ha only.

Intention of investment

Intention of the investment
Agriculture unspecified
Comment on intention of investment
Oil palm and rubber

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2000] Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2000] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
Previously government owned, started in 1969

Contract farming

Contract farming
Yes
On leased / purchased area
Yes
Comment on contract farming
40% of planted area by smallholders on the estate

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
63,763
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2005] 63763
Size in operation (production, in ha)
[2014] 37001
Comment on land area
40% of planted area by smallholders on the estate. Cameroons largest producer of palm oil. Another report states 58000 hectares under contract, while a farmland grab article states 56000ha. 37,001 hectares of plantations in 2014: 35,037 ha of oil palm and 1,964 hectares of rubber. Socfin 2014 report states 59 563 ha under contract, with area planted being 33 044ha. 6 sites. Original leasehold states 20 000ha only.

Intention of investment

Intention of the investment
Agriculture unspecified
Comment on intention of investment
Oil palm and rubber

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2000] Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2000] In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
Previously government owned, started in 1969

Contract farming

Contract farming
Yes
On leased / purchased area
Yes
Comment on contract farming
40% of planted area by smallholders on the estate

Contract #1

Duration of the agreement (in years)
55

Contract #1

Duration of the agreement (in years)
55

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Current number of jobs (domestic)
[2014] 2184
Current number of daily/seasonal workers (domestic)
[2014] 2200

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Current number of jobs (domestic)
[2014] 2184
Current number of daily/seasonal workers (domestic)
[2014] 2200

Operating company

Operating company
Comment on investment chain
privatised in 2000, (owns five plantations and 4 oil factories), SOCFIN through its subsidiary PalmCalm. The Bolloré group controls at least 80% of the palm oil production in Cameroon via this project. Another source states that SOCFIN own 50% of shares.

Operating company

Operating company
Comment on investment chain
privatised in 2000, (owns five plantations and 4 oil factories), SOCFIN through its subsidiary PalmCalm. The Bolloré group controls at least 80% of the palm oil production in Cameroon via this project. Another source states that SOCFIN own 50% of shares.

Data source #1

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Socfin website

Data source #2

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2010-12-01
Comment on data source
The Impact of the Privatization of SOCAPALM on Communities and the Environment in Cameroon:Briefing paper

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
ECOFYS- Land grabs for biofuels driven by EU biofuels policies,By: Carlo Hamelinck, 2013

Data source #4

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Grain- Planet palm oil, September 2014

Data source #5

Data source type
Personal information
File
Date
2015-01-13
Includes in-country-verified information
Yes

Data source #6

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Agro-industrial Investments in Cameroon: Large Scale land acquisitions since 2005. IIED. Samuel Nguiffo and Michelle Sonkoue Watio.

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-07-13
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Cameroun : où en est vraiment la Socapalm ?

Data source #8

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Socfin 2014 Sustainability report

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-06-21
Comment on data source
Cameroun - Accaparement des terres: Des paysans réclament toujours 20 000 hectares de terre à la SOCAPALM

Data source #1

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Socfin website

Data source #2

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2010-12-01
Comment on data source
The Impact of the Privatization of SOCAPALM on Communities and the Environment in Cameroon:Briefing paper

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
ECOFYS- Land grabs for biofuels driven by EU biofuels policies,By: Carlo Hamelinck, 2013

Data source #4

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Grain- Planet palm oil, September 2014

Data source #5

Data source type
Personal information
File
Date
2015-01-13
Includes in-country-verified information
Yes

Data source #6

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Agro-industrial Investments in Cameroon: Large Scale land acquisitions since 2005. IIED. Samuel Nguiffo and Michelle Sonkoue Watio.

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-07-13
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Cameroun : où en est vraiment la Socapalm ?

Data source #8

Data source type
Company sources
File
Comment on data source
Socfin 2014 Sustainability report

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2016-06-21
Comment on data source
Cameroun - Accaparement des terres: Des paysans réclament toujours 20 000 hectares de terre à la SOCAPALM

Data source #10

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
WRM Bulletin. World Rainforest Movement Nro. 224 – May/June 2016. What is driving land grabbing? A critical overview across the Congo Basin region

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation
Comment on consultation of local community
No consultation with the forest-dwelling Bagyeli people

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Water Wells

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation
Comment on consultation of local community
No consultation with the forest-dwelling Bagyeli people

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
On June 1, 2016, hundreds of community members peacefully mobilized to disrupt Socapalm and Safacam's activities in five plantations (Mbambou, Mbongo, Dibombari, safacam, Kienké) and to challenge the company administration.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Other
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
Water Wells

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
State
Comment on former land owner
The plantations were privatised in 2000 and sold to the Bolloré group

Former land use

Former land use
Forestry

Former land cover

Former land cover
Forest land

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
State
Comment on former land owner
The plantations were privatised in 2000 and sold to the Bolloré group

Former land use

Former land use
Forestry

Former land cover

Former land cover
Forest land

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Oil Palm, Rubber tree

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Domestic use
100
Comment on use of produce
All produce sold exclusively to Cameroonian companies.

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
6 oil mills. POL (Palm oil production). In 2014, the production of crude palm oil was 91,505 tons. In 2014, rubber production amounted to 519 tons.

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Oil Palm, Rubber tree

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Domestic use
100
Comment on use of produce
All produce sold exclusively to Cameroonian companies.

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
6 oil mills. POL (Palm oil production). In 2014, the production of crude palm oil was 91,505 tons. In 2014, rubber production amounted to 519 tons.

Any gender-specific information about the investment and its impacts

Comment on gender-related info
376 women were employed in 2014, representing 17% of the total workforce. In 2014, an increase of 12% was noted in the female workforce compared to 2013. Since privatization,there has been an increase of 35% of women in the workforce.

Any gender-specific information about the investment and its impacts

Comment on gender-related info
376 women were employed in 2014, representing 17% of the total workforce. In 2014, an increase of 12% was noted in the female workforce compared to 2013. Since privatization,there has been an increase of 35% of women in the workforce.

Overall comment

Overall comment
Includes Société des Palmeraies de la Ferme Suisse (SPFS) – Palm’Or, which it acquired in 2001. Previously state-owned

Overall comment

Overall comment
Includes Société des Palmeraies de la Ferme Suisse (SPFS) – Palm’Or, which it acquired in 2001. Previously state-owned