Deal history comparison #3433

Previous version (129675)

Selected version (129696)

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Diama, Senegal

Target country
Senegal
Comment on location
Diama, Gnith, Ronkh and Ross Bethio

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Gnit, Senegal

Target country
Senegal

Location #3

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Ross Bethio, Senegal

Target country
Senegal

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Diama, Senegal

Target country
Senegal
Comment on location
Diama, Gnith, Ronkh and Ross Bethio

Location #2

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Gnit, Senegal

Target country
Senegal

Location #3

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Ross Bethio, Senegal

Target country
Senegal

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
27,000
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2010] 20000
Size in operation (production, in ha)
7,000
Comment on land area
Project relocated from Fanaye after deadly protests. The eia states that the company will begin producing on 10000hectares initially.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Biofuels, Food crops
Comment on intention of investment
Some reports suggest that sunflower production has haltered in April 2014.

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2012] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
Status unknown. Population at original site protested and forced the government to relocate the project.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2013] Startup phase (no production)
In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
5,000ha cleared. Planting of sunflowers in process. More than 24,000 signatures were collected in one week through an international petition launched by ActionAid and Re:Common to ask Tampieri Group, a food processing company that operates in Faenza, to withdraw from a project in the Senegalese reserve of Ndiael. The company is producing on the land regardless of the fact that their operations are not transparent.

Leasing fees

Comment on leasing fees
Land has been attributed for free.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
27,000
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2010] 20000
Size in operation (production, in ha)
7,000
Comment on land area
Project relocated from Fanaye after deadly protests. The eia states that the company will begin producing on 10000hectares initially.

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Biofuels, Food crops
Comment on intention of investment
Some reports suggest that sunflower production has haltered in April 2014.

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2012] Concluded (Contract signed)
Comment on negotiation status
Status unknown. Population at original site protested and forced the government to relocate the project.

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2013] Startup phase (no production)
In operation (production)
Comment on implementation status
5,000ha cleared. Planting of sunflowers in process. More than 24,000 signatures were collected in one week through an international petition launched by ActionAid and Re:Common to ask Tampieri Group, a food processing company that operates in Faenza, to withdraw from a project in the Senegalese reserve of Ndiael. The company is producing on the land regardless of the fact that their operations are not transparent.

Leasing fees

Comment on leasing fees
Land has been attributed for free.

Contract farming

Contract farming
No

Contract #1

Duration of the agreement (in years)
50

Contract #1

Duration of the agreement (in years)
50

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Planned daily/seasonal workers (domestic)
300
Comment on jobs created (domestic)
Exact numbers are not known as there are no official reports. The EIA states 2500 direct jobs. The company is going through the difficulties and are retrenching workers-as the company believes they are overstaffed.

Number of domestic jobs created

Jobs created (domestic)
Yes
Planned daily/seasonal workers (domestic)
300
Comment on jobs created (domestic)
Exact numbers are not known as there are no official reports. The EIA states 2500 direct jobs. The company is going through the difficulties and are retrenching workers-as the company believes they are overstaffed.In 2014, 103 workers from the surrounding communities were fired.

Operating company

Operating company
Name of investment project
SenEthanol / SenHuile

Operating company

Operating company
Name of investment project
SenEthanol / SenHuile

Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-11-08
Comment on data source
Sene Web

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-03-04
Comment on data source
Farm land Grabs- Senegal, colonia della finanza italiana

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-07-25
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Projet SENHUILE-SENETHANOL: A Gnith, une unité de biocarburants fait renaître l’espoir

Data source #4

Data source type
Contract
File
Comment on data source
Protocol d'Accord

Data source #5

Data source type
Personal information
Date
2013-09-18

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-01-30
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Senhuile-Senéthanol: Farmers determined to oppose it -

Data source #7

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
L’investissement Senhuile-Senethanol à Ndiael, Sénégal. Quel avenir sans ma terre ? Des communautés mobilisées pour récupérer leur terre, October 2014, Action Aid

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-03-07
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- In Senegal, a clash on land leased from the government

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-03-05
Comment on data source
Farm land Grabs- Senhuile–Senéthanol : un problème de transparence, selon Frédéric Mousseau

Data source #10

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-11-08
Comment on data source
Grain website- Who is behind the Senhuile Senethanol?

Data source #11

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-02-27
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Senegalese farmers and herders demand shady transnational corporation Senhuile SA get off their land

Data source #12

Data source type
Media report
Date
2014-03-29
Comment on data source
Des villages piétinés par l’agrobusiness- Le Courrier by Michael Rodriguez

Data source #13

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-08-18
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Tournée économique Macky Sall : Les anti-Senhuile promettent l'enfer !

Data source #14

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-03-03
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- Land grab in Senegal, responsabilità italiana

Data source #15

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-03-04
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- La foire aux ombres chinoises

Data source #16

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-02-02
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Grogne des travailleurs de Senhuile: la direction parle de "départs négociés" et non de "licenciements".

Data source #1

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-07-25
Comment on data source
Sene Web

Data source #2

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-11-08
Comment on data source
Grain website- Who is behind the Senhuile Senethanol?

Data source #3

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-02-27
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Senegalese farmers and herders demand shady transnational corporation Senhuile SA get off their land

Data source #4

Data source type
Media report
Date
2014-03-29
Comment on data source
Des villages piétinés par l’agrobusiness- Le Courrier by Michael Rodriguez

Data source #5

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-08-18
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Tournée économique Macky Sall : Les anti-Senhuile promettent l'enfer !

Data source #6

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-03-03
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- Land grab in Senegal, responsabilità italiana

Data source #7

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-03-04
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- La foire aux ombres chinoises

Data source #8

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2015-02-02
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Grogne des travailleurs de Senhuile: la direction parle de "départs négociés" et non de "licenciements".

Data source #9

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-03-04
Comment on data source
Farm land Grabs- Senegal, colonia della finanza italiana

Data source #10

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2013-07-25
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Projet SENHUILE-SENETHANOL: A Gnith, une unité de biocarburants fait renaître l’espoir

Data source #11

Data source type
Contract
File
Comment on data source
Protocol d'Accord

Data source #12

Data source type
Personal information
Date
2013-09-18

Data source #13

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-01-30
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Senhuile-Senéthanol: Farmers determined to oppose it -

Data source #14

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
L’investissement Senhuile-Senethanol à Ndiael, Sénégal. Quel avenir sans ma terre ? Des communautés mobilisées pour récupérer leur terre, October 2014, Action Aid

Data source #15

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-03-07
Comment on data source
Farm Land Grab- In Senegal, a clash on land leased from the government

Data source #16

Data source type
Media report
File
Date
2014-03-05
Comment on data source
Farm land Grabs- Senhuile–Senéthanol : un problème de transparence, selon Frédéric Mousseau

Data source #17

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2015-02-11
Comment on data source
Farmland Grab- Le mirage Senhuile : création d'emplois, autosuffisance alimentaire

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation
Comment on consultation of local community
Initially the community was not consulted, however they were consulted during the social impact assessment conducted in 2013. In January 2014, a memorandum was signed between the communities and companies, which details their respective responsibilities. However the MOU does not ensure that the commitments made by the company are binding. Never free and informed consent as meetings were just an attempt by the company to convince the communities about the benefits of the project.

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
The local community have rejected the project since its inception. The community asked the government to allocate the land to themselves rather than the company. Heavy protests by locals causing fatal casualties forced the project to be relocated. Protests continue in newly assigned area.In addition to the deaths caused by the protests three children have drowned in irrigation canals dug by the company. Villagers have traveled to Europe, to the offices of Tampieri, in February 2014 to try to halt the project.

Displacement of people

Comment on displacement of people
9,000 people in 40 villages are affected, however none have been displaced. The company has established plantations 300-500m from the villages. The company has taken away grazing land and land for cultivation. In some cases households are enclosed by the plantations.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
The lease did not provide for the community to be compensated for their loss of access to land for grazing and collecting of other natural resources. However, the company has allocated a portion (size unknown) to the communities for grazing- this land is not sufficient.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Capacity Building
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
very few benefits have been delivered to the community to date. The company promised to build walls around the local cemetery. The company has given all the villagers affected a total of 50 000tonnes of fodder once.

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Limited consultation
Comment on consultation of local community
Initially the community was not consulted, however they were consulted during the social impact assessment conducted in 2013. In January 2014, a memorandum was signed between the communities and companies, which details their respective responsibilities. However the MOU does not ensure that the commitments made by the company are binding. Never free and informed consent as meetings were just an attempt by the company to convince the communities about the benefits of the project.

How did the community react?

Community reaction
Rejection
Comment on community reaction
The local community have rejected the project since its inception. The community asked the government to allocate the land to themselves rather than the company. Heavy protests by locals causing fatal casualties forced the project to be relocated. Protests continue in newly assigned area.In addition to the deaths caused by the protests three children have drowned in irrigation canals dug by the company. Villagers have traveled to Europe, to the offices of Tampieri, in February 2014 to try to halt the project.

Displacement of people

Comment on displacement of people
9,000 people in 40 villages are affected, however none have been displaced. The company has established plantations 300-500m from the villages. The company has taken away grazing land and land for cultivation. In some cases households are enclosed by the plantations.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
The lease did not provide for the community to be compensated for their loss of access to land for grazing and collecting of other natural resources. However, the company has allocated a portion (size unknown) to the communities for grazing- this land is not sufficient.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Health
Education
Productive infrastructure (e.g. irrigation, tractors, machinery...)
Capacity Building
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
very few benefits have been delivered to the community to date. The company promised to build walls around the local cemetery. The company has given all the villagers affected a total of 50 000tonnes of fodder once.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
State

Former land use

Former land use
Conservation
Comment on former land use
Ndiaël was labeled Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention intergovernmental treaty designed to protect and ensure the sustainable use of water resources and a home for migratory birds. This protection was broken in 2011 when President Wade has changed the classification of the area to allow the company operate there . Local communities were allowed to graze their cattle and collect resources (like fire wood) from within the reserve.

Former land cover

Former land cover
Marginal land
Comment on former land cover
An environmental impact assessment was only conducted months after the project commenced. The Ministry of Environment rejected the EIA stating that more information was needed as the report had omitted to discuss the negative environmental and social impacts which would arise from the project . The EIA was also not made public.

Former land owner (not by constitution)

Former land owner
State

Former land use

Former land use
Conservation
Comment on former land use
Ndiaël was labeled Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention intergovernmental treaty designed to protect and ensure the sustainable use of water resources and a home for migratory birds. This protection was broken in 2011 when President Wade has changed the classification of the area to allow the company operate there . Local communities were allowed to graze their cattle and collect resources (like fire wood) from within the reserve. The company's activities have lead to deforestation.

Former land cover

Former land cover
Marginal land
Comment on former land cover
An environmental impact assessment was only conducted months after the project commenced. The Ministry of Environment rejected the EIA stating that more information was needed as the report had omitted to discuss the negative environmental and social impacts which would arise from the project . The EIA was also not made public.

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Corn (Maize), Peanut (groundnut), Rice, Sun Flower, Sweet Potatoes

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes
Country 1
Italy
Comment on use of produce
The company is starting to produce rice, maize and peanut seeds for the domestic market. The rice is sold to the company Senegal Fodder. Tempieri joined the project to get raw grains for its edible oil producing factory in Italy and plans to make an investment of 15 million euros (US$20m).

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Agrofuel

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Corn (Maize), Peanut (groundnut), Rice, Sun Flower, Sweet Potatoes

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes
Country 1
Italy
Comment on use of produce
The company is starting to produce rice, maize, sunflowers and peanut seeds for the domestic market. The rice is sold to the company Senegal Fodder. Tempieri joined the project to get raw grains for its edible oil producing factory in Italy and plans to make an investment of 15 million euros (US$20m).

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
Agrofuel

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes
Comment on water extraction envisaged
Irrigation channels have been built, which has led to the death of three children from the community during 2013.

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Surface water (Lake)
Comment on source of water extraction
Water is obtained from Lake Guiers. All sources of water on the allocated land have been given to the company, thus reducing villagers access to water.

How much water is extracted?

Comment on how much water is extracted
The lake from which water is extracted supplies 65% of the population in Dakar, and is already threatened with pollution.An impact study was not conducted on the lake prior to water extraction by the company. There has been an increase in pressure on the water resources in the area with the company present. In addition the use of bio-fertilisers, containing nitrogen, by the company is due to pollute the already stressed water sources.

Water extraction envisaged

Water extraction envisaged
Yes
Comment on water extraction envisaged
Irrigation channels have been built, which has led to the death of three children from the community during 2013.

Source of water extraction

Source of water extraction
Surface water (Lake)
Comment on source of water extraction
Water is obtained from Lake Guiers. All sources of water on the allocated land have been given to the company, thus reducing villagers access to water.

How much water is extracted?

Comment on how much water is extracted
The lake from which water is extracted supplies 65% of the population in Dakar, and is already threatened with pollution.An impact study was not conducted on the lake prior to water extraction by the company. There has been an increase in pressure on the water resources in the area with the company present. In addition the use of bio-fertilisers, containing nitrogen, by the company is due to pollute the already stressed water sources.

Any gender-specific information about the investment and its impacts

Comment on gender-related info
Women are suffering more than men from the lack of access to water and other resources, as typically take on these tasks. In addition, women sell the milk from cattle in the market, however the amount of milk is reduced due to limited water and grazing.

Any gender-specific information about the investment and its impacts

Comment on gender-related info
Women are suffering more than men from the lack of access to water and other resources, as typically take on these tasks. In addition, women sell the milk from cattle in the market, however the amount of milk is reduced due to limited water and grazing.