Deal history comparison #1757

Previous version (124503)

Selected version (124670)

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Central Equatoria, South Sudan

Target country
South Sudan
Comment on location
Lainya

Location #1

Spatial accuracy level
Administrative region
Location
Central Equatoria, South Sudan

Target country
South Sudan
Comment on location
Lainya

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
1,000,000
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2008] 600000

Intention of investment

Intention of investment
Biofuels, Mining

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2008] Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2008] Project not started

Purchase price

Comment on purchase price
75,000 Sudanese Pounds (equivalent to approximately USD 25,000)

Land area

Intended size (in ha)
1,000,000
Size under contract (leased or purchased area, in ha)
[2008] 600000

Intention of investment

Comment on intention of investment
The kind of business that they say they want to do is not clear. They talk of agriculture as one of their activities, and also about minerals and agrofuels. There are some hints that suggest that development plans are focused on the agrofuel sector but without limitation of expansion into other sectors. There were already negotiations between the government and Kinyeti Mining (a project partner) to authorize oil, gas and mining activities. (According to the transitional constitution, all subterranean natural resources in South Sudan are deemed to be the property of the central government. Douglas and Franklin would therefore need to secure a concession agreement from the GoSS Ministry of Energy and Mining to authorize their oil, gas and mining activities, despite the language in the March 2008 lease agreement purporting to transfer these rights to Nile Trading) Resettlements on such a scale are impractical. Even if the company was to invest in a manner that does not require resettlements, it would still affect patterns of land access and use for tens of thousands of people. The apparent shortcomings in the companys investment plans suggest that some element of land speculation may be involved. Indeed, despite having leased their landholdings in 2008, Nile Trading has yet to establish any visible presence on the ground.

Nature of the deal

Nature of the deal
Lease
Comment on nature of the deal
The deal was negotiated between Nile Trading and Development Inc. (NTD) and Mukaya Payam Cooperative, the “lessor”. At the time of the signature, the government had not yet recognized the deal and it was little more than an agreement between two entities, neither of which owned the land in question. In October 2008, the state-level Ministry of Physical Infrastructure issued a lease for 600,000 ha of land to the Cooperative, effectively formalizing the March 2008 transfer between the Cooperative and Nile Trading. The invoice attached to the October 2008 lease indicates that the Cooperative paid just 75,000 Sudanese pounds (approximately USD 25,000) in fees for the lease.

Negotiation status

Negotiation status
[2008] Concluded (Contract signed)

Implementation status

Implementation status
[2008] Project not started

Purchase price

Comment on purchase price
75,000 Sudanese Pounds (equivalent to approximately USD 25,000)

Contract #1

Duration of the agreement (in years)
49

Contract #1

Duration of the agreement (in years)
49

Operating company

Operating company

Data source #1

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2011-01-01
Comment on data source
“The New Frontier: A baseline survey of large scale investment in Southern Sudan” by David K. Deng

Data source #2

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2011-01-01

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Oakland Institute: Brief Nile trading

Data source #1

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2011-01-01
Comment on data source
“The New Frontier: A baseline survey of large scale investment in Southern Sudan” by David K. Deng

Data source #2

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Date
2011-01-01

Data source #3

Data source type
Research Paper / Policy Report
File
Comment on data source
Oakland Institute: Brief Nile trading

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted

Displacement of people

Comment on displacement of people
Large population in targeted area. No info whether relocation required.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
The company says it will give the local community a portion of the profits from the investment, increasing from 40 to 50 percent of net profits over the life of the lease.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Financial Support

Consultation of local community

Community consultation
Not consulted
Comment on consultation of local community
The deal was negotiated between Nile Trading and Development Inc. (NTD) and Mukaya Payam Cooperative, the “lessor,” a “fictitious cooperative”: Influential natives leased out the land behind the backs of the entire community. When OI researchers visited Mukaya Payam in June 2011, none of the community leaders had even heard of the Cooperative. The paramount chief who signed on behalf of the Cooperative in the March 2008 claims that several “intellectuals” from the community who reside in Juba brought him a lease agreement that had already been signed by all the other parties to the agreement and instructed him to sign. The chief, an elderly man with primary level education, says that he signed the lease without understanding the terms of the agreement.

Displacement of people

Comment on displacement of people
Large population in targeted area. No info whether relocation required.

Promised or received compensation

Promised compensation (e.g. for damages or resettlements)
According to the residents of Mukaya Payam, no compensation was given to the community.

Promised benefits for local communities

Promised benefits for local communities
Financial Support
Comment on promised benefits for local communities
The company says it will give the local community a portion of the profits from the investment, increasing from 40 to 50 percent of net profits over the life of the lease. (Apparently, "communty" means Cooperative). How or whether the Cooperative will distribute the rents among the payams and community members is unknown.

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Jatropha, Oil Palm, Teak

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
BIO (Biofuel production);AGF (Agrofuel production)

Detailed crop, animal and mineral information

Crops area
Jatropha, Oil Palm, Teak

Use of produce

Has domestic use
Yes
Has export
Yes

In country processing of produce

In country processing of produce
Yes
Comment on in country processing of produce
BIO (Biofuel production);AGF (Agrofuel production)

Overall comment

Overall comment
The agreement includes the Right to explore, develop, mine, produce and/or exploit petroleum, natural gas, and other hydrocarbon resources for both local and export markets, as well as other minerals, and may also engage in power generation activities on the leased land.

Overall comment

Overall comment
The agreement includes the Right to explore, develop, mine, produce and/or exploit petroleum, natural gas, and other hydrocarbon resources for both local and export markets, as well as other minerals, and may also engage in power generation activities on the leased land.