Analytical Report of the Land Matrix II - published on October 11, 2016
International Land Deals for Agriculture - Fresh insights from the Land Matrix
28 March 2017
Around the world, 26.7 million hectares of agricultural land have
been transferred into the hands of foreign investors since the year
2000. This means that these investors possess approximately 2 per cent
of the arable land worldwide, or roughly the equivalent to the total
area covered by United Kingdom and Slovenia together. This finding comes
from Land Matrix's newest report "Land Matrix Analytical Report II:
International Land Deals for Agriculture".
The report provides detailed information on who is buying up
farmland in which regions of the world and how this land is being used.
It also highlights the economic, social, and political impacts of land
Download the report here:
Land Matrix Analytical Report II (2.2 MB)
Additional findings from the report:
- Around the world, 1,004 signed agreements on agricultural land (so-called “land deals”) exist.
- For approximately 70 per cent of these deals (710), agricultural activities have been initiated.
- Africa is the continent most impacted by land deals, with 422 deals covering a
total area of 10 million hectares. Other heavily impacted regions are
Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia.
- The agreements primarily target areas previously used for agriculture. This creates increased
competition for land and the potential for conflicts with the local
population. Markus Giger, Head of Global Change Impacts on Sustainable
Development at the University of Bern said: ”A lack of transparency and
the marginalisation of local stakeholders weaken the bargaining position
of smallholder farmers and pastoralists, including indigenous peoples”
- Most of the investors are from Malaysia, the United States, Great Britain,
Singapore, and Saudi Arabia. Western European investors are involved in
315 land deals covering an area of 7.3 million hectares which makes
Western Europe the largest investor region.